E.-E. Thomloudi, P.C. Tsalgatidou, D. Douka, T.-N. Spantidos, M. Dimou, A. Venieraki and P. Katinakis
Plant Growth Promoting Microorganisms or Plant Probiotics (PGPMs) constitute a promising solution for agricultural sustainability. The concept that inoculation of PGPM mixtures may perform better in enhancing agricultural production than single strain application dates back to the discovery of plant growth rhizobacteria (PGPR) and is gaining ground in our days. This shift is highlighted by the increasing number of research publications dealing with the positive impact of microbial mixtures in promoting plant growth, controlling plant pathogens, as well as providing abiotic stress tolerance. The continuous deposition of patents as well as commercially available formulations concerning bioprotective and/or biostimulant multistrain mixtures also underlines this shift. A major issue in engineering an effective and consistent synthetic multistrain mixture appears to be the compatibility of its components. The present review provides a thorough literature survey supporting the view that treatment of plants with compatible multistrain mixtures generally exerts a better effect in plant growth and health than single-strain inoculation. Our study focuses on multistrain mixtures based on Pseudomonas, Bacillus and beneficial fungal strains, while commercial products are also being referred.