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  • Author: T. Stankovičová x
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M. Dubničková, T. Stankovičová, M. Bukovský and M. Kuželová

Effects of lipid A analogues of the strains of E. coli on complement and myeloperoxidase activation in myocardial reperfusion following ischaemia in rats

The aim of the study was to evaluate the ability of lipid A analogues obtained from the native strain (LAS) or strains of E. coli resistant to either an amine oxide (modLANO) or to a quaternary ammonium salt (modLBr) to reduce myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion injury in rats. The 0.5, 2, 4, 24 h pretreatment of rats with lipid A from a strain of E. coli resistant to an amine oxide (modLANO 0.5 mg/kg i.v.) in an in vitro model of myocardial ischemia lasting 10 min followed by 10 min reperfusion did not reduce the myeloperoxidase (MPO) and complement activities. In an in vivo study, the 24 h pretreatment of rats with modLANO in a dose of 0.5 mg/kg i.v. only significantly decreased both the MPO and complement activities in serum (p<0.01). The analogues of lipid A indicate abilities to influence the myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury in times-dependent and structures-dependent ways.

Open access

M. Vicen, P. Gulač and T. Stankovičová

Abstract

The aim of our work was to investigate the effect of amitriptyline, citalopram and venlafaxine on the heart during ischemic- reperfusion (l-R) injury. Amitriptyline prolonged both QRS complex and QTc interval duration; citalopram and venlafaxine prolonged only QTc interval duration. Amitriptyline worked most proarrhythmogenic, citalopram least; venlafaxine increased the heart rate during ischemia; however, prolonged QTc interval at the beginning of reperfusion was followed by serious dysrhythmias.

Open access

Kráľová E., Jankyová S., Pekárik A., Čuboň J. and Stankovičová T.

Abstract

We observed the changes in electrical activity, biometric and haemodynamic parameters of hearts in animals with experimental diabetes mellitus (DM). As well the effect of carvedilol, PycnogenolR and its combination with carvedilol on DM heart function was tested. DM was induced by streptozotocin over three sequential days at a dose of 25 mg/kg body weight i.p. We started therapy by suspension of carvedilol, PycnogenolR and their combination for six weeks. Blood pressure was measured using tail cuff plethysmography. ECG, haemodynamic and biometric parameters were measured in isolated hearts perfused according to the Langendorff. DM rats had increased systolic arterial blood pressure, thicker free wall of left ventricle but weakened myocardial contractility compared with controls. In contrast to controls, electrophysiological parameters showed prolonged QT interval and increased incidence of dysrhythmias in DM rats. The PycnogenolR administration induced regression of left ventricular hypertrophy, improved left ventriculi contraction and increased coronary flow; however, it did not improve the electrical activity of the myocardium compared with DM ones. Carvedilol also reversed the myocardial remodelling, shortened the duration of QT interval and suppressed the incidence of dysrhythmias. The common combination of drugs improved biometric and haemodynamic parameters compared with DM animals, however, not so significantly as monotherapy. On the other hand, the combination of carvedilol and PycnogenolR significantly reduced the duration of the QT interval and shortened the incidence of dysrhythmias. We can conclude that the administration of PycnogenolR effectively improved haemodynamic parameters, and carvedilol affected biometric parameters and also electrical parameters in DM animals. We observed the marked synergic effect of the combination of both drugs on the electrical activity of myocardium. This combination shortened the most pathologically prolonged QT interval and reduced the number of dysrhythmias.

Open access

P. Gulač, M. Vicen, S. Hričáková and T. Stankovičová

Abstract

We evaluated the effect of the antipsychotic olanzapine on electrical activity of rat hearts under conditions of ischemic- reperfusion injury. We focused on the prolongation of the corrected QT interval as a risk factor for the incidence of different types of dysrhythmias. Pretreatment with olanzapine showed prolongation of the corrected QT interval as well as increased incidence of dysrhythmias in following order: ventricular premature beats > bigeminies > trigeminies > salvos. We also observed an increase in the frequency of episodes of ventricular tachycardia of about 64% and the average duration of ventricular tachycardia was more than doubled under the conditions of the ischemic-reperfusion injury.

Open access

M. Sasváriová, B. Tyukos-Kaprinay, L. Salvaras, K. Belovičová, E. Bögi, V. Knezl, M. Barteková, T. Stankovičová and M. Dubovický

Abstract

A number of pregnant women all over the world suffer from depression and are treated during gestation with antidepressants, mostly with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors. Exposure to prenatal stress is also a great risk factor for a developing fetus and could be responsible for altered fetal development or various neurobehavioral disturbances of a child. Administration of selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor venlafaxine is associated with various cardiovascular adverse effects, such as tachycardia, increased blood pressure, arrhythmias and hypertensive crisis. The aim of this study was to focus on the effect of pre-gestational chronic mild unpredictable stress and/or administration of antidepressant venlafaxine (10 mg/kg/day, p. o.) on specific parameters, determining the function of the cardiovascular system of male and female rat offspring. Blood pressure and standard ECG were recorded in the offspring. Exposure to pre-gestational stress did not cause significant changes in the systolic, diastolic blood pressure and pulse frequency either in males or in females, compared to the unexposed control animals. Pre-gestational stress caused the shortening of QT interval and prolongation of QRS complex duration in males. On the other hand, in females, the effects of pre-gestational stress were potentiated by the administration of venlafaxine and resulted in elevated systolic and diastolic blood pressure, prolonged QT interval and shortened QRS complex duration, compared to the control. In conclusion, the female rat offspring are more sensitive to exposure to pre-gestational, to chronic mild unpredictable stress and venlafaxine.