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T. Rzychoń and B. Adamczyk-Cieślak

Abstract

Microstructure and creep properties of cast Mg-Al-Ca-Sr alloys have been investigated. The microstructure was characterized using light microscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Phase identification was made by EBSD technique and by SAED analysis. The measurement of volume fraction of intermetallic phases was performed using quantitative metallography. Creep tests were performed at 180°C and at applied stress between 45 and 90 MPa. Microstructure of tested alloys composed of α-Mg grains and intermetallic compounds in the interdendritic regions. It was found that the addition of calcium and strontium improves creep resistance at 180°C.

Open access

T. Rzychoń and B. Dybowski

Magnesium alloys due the low density and good mechanical properties are mainly used in the automotive and aerospace industry. In recent years, magnesium alloys are extensively developed for use in high temperatures (above 120°C). Among these alloys, magnesium alloys containing tin and silicon have large possibilities of application due to the formation of thermally stable intermetallic Mg2Sn and Mg2Si. In this paper the influence of aluminum and heat treatment on the on the microstructure and hardness of Mg-7Sn-5Si alloy is reported. It was found that the microstructure of Mg-7Sn-5Si alloy consist of α-Mg solid solution, Mg2Sn and Mg2Si compounds. Addition of 2 wt% of Al to Mg-7Sn-5Si alloy causes the formation of Al2Sn phase. Moreover, Al dissolves in the α-Mg solid solution. The solution heat-treatment of tested alloys at 500°C for 24 h causes the dissolve the Mg2Sn phase in the α-Mg matrix and spheroidization of Mg2Si compound. The Mg2Si primary crystals are stable at solution temperature. After ageing treatment the precipitation process of equilibrium Mg2Sn phase was found in both alloys. The addition of aluminum has a positive effect on the hardness of Mg-7Sn-5Si alloy. In case of Mg-5Si-7Sn-2Al alloy the highest hardness was obtained for sample aged for 148 h at 250°C (88 HV2), while in case of Al-free alloy the highest hardness is 70 HV for material aged for 148 h at 250°C.

Open access

A. Gryc and T. Rzychoń

Abstract

In the paper the microstructures of WE43 matrix composites reinforced with carbon fibres have been characterised. The influence of reinforcement type and T6 heat treatment (a solution treatment at 525°C for 8 h, a hot water quench and a subsequent ageing treatment at 250°C for 16 h) on microstructure have been evaluated. The light microscope and scanning electron microscope investigations have been carried out. No significant differences in samples reinforced with non-coated textiles have been reported. The substantial changes in sample reinforced with nickel-coated textile have been observed. The segregation of alloying elements to the matrix-reinforcement layer has been identified. The T6 heat treatment caused the appearance of disperse precipitates of β phase, but the process cannot be considered as satisfactory (irregular distribution, low volume fraction, relatively large size).

Open access

T. Rzychoń, B. Dybowski and A. Kiełbus

Abstract

The structure of Mg-9Al-2Ca-xSr alloys is composed of a-Mg grains and the Al2Ca and Al4 Sr phases in the interdendritic areas. These phases are formed as a result of eutectic reactions. Globular particles of the Al8Mn5 phase are observed within the interior of the grains. The addition of strontium to Mg-9Al-2Ca-0.4Mn alloys causes the formation of the Al4Sr phase and increase of its volume fraction with increasing strontium levels. Moreover, increase of the strontium amount causes a decrease of aluminum content in the a-Mg solid solution.

Open access

A. Turowska, J. Adamiec and T. Rzychoń

Abstract

Hot cracking is one of the main problems involved in the casting of magnesium alloys and their joining by means of welding. Despite many research done, this type of cracking still constitutes a major problem in industrial practice. The present paper describes the impact of metallurgical, structural and technological factors on the susceptibility of the QE22 alloy to hot cracking of the repaired joints. A technology of repairing the QE22 alloy casts by means of welding and pad welding, was developed. The technology meets the qualification requirements according to EN 15614-4.

Open access

T. Rzychoń, J. Szala and A. Kiełbus

Microstructure, Castability, Microstructural Stability and Mechanical Properties of ZRE1 Magnesium Alloy

The influence of pouring temperature on the microstructure, fluidity and mechanical properties of ZRE1 magnesium alloy was investigated in this paper. The pouring temperature influences on the fluidity, mean area of grain plane section and mechanical properties. The dependence between pouring temperature and volume fraction of the (Mg, Zn)12RE intermetallic phase was not observed. The investigations enabled to determine the optimal pouring temperature of ZRE1 alloy. Moreover, the microstructural stability of ZRE1 alloy during long-term annealing at 150°C, 200°C and 400°C was investigated. ZRE1 magnesium alloy possesses a high microstructural stability up to 200°C, whereas at 400°C magnesium oxides and rare earth metals oxides are observed in the microstructure.

Open access

B. Dybowski, T. Rzychoń, B. Chmiela and A. Gryc

It is well known that the properties of a metal matrix composites depend upon the properties of the reinforcement phase, of the matrix and of the interface. A strong interface bonding without any degradation of the reinforcing phase is one of the prime objectives in the development of the metal matrix composites. Therefore, the objective of this work is to characterize the interface structure of WE43/SiC particles composite. Magnesium alloys containing yttrium and neodymium are known to have high specific strength, good creep and corrosion resistance up to 250°C. The addition of SiC ceramic particles strengthens the metal matrix composite resulting in better wear and creep resistance while maintaining good machinability. In the present study, WE43 magnesium matrix composite reinforced with SiC particulates was fabricated by stir casting. The SiC particles with 15 μm, 45 μm and 250 μm diameter were added to the WE43 alloy. The microstructure of the composite was investigated by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, scanning transmission electron microscopy and XRD analysis. YSi and Y2Si reaction products are observed at the interfaces between SiC particles and WE43 matrix in the composite stirred at 780°C. Microstructure characterization of WE43 MMC with the 45 μm, stirred at 720°C showed relative uniform reinforcement distribution. Moreover, the Zr-rich particles at particle/matrix interface were visible instead of Y-Si phases. In the case of composite with 15 μm particles the numerous agglomerates and reaction products between SiC particles and alloying elements were observed. The presence of SiC particles assisted in improving hardness and decreasing the tensile strength and plastic properties.

Open access

M. Żelechower, J. Kliś, E. Augustyn, J. Grzonka, D. Stróż, T. Rzychoń and H. Woźnica

The Microstructure of Annealed Galfan Coating on Steel Substrate

The commercially available Galfan coating containing 5-7wt.% of Al deposited on the low carbon steel substrate by hot dipping has been examined with respect to the microstructure of the coating/substrate interface area. The application of several experimental techniques (SEM/EDS, XRD, TEM/AEM/EDS/ED) allowed demonstrating the two-phase structure of the alloy coating in non-treated, commercially available Galfan samples: Zn-rich pre-eutectoid η phase grains are surrounded by lamellar eutectics of β-Al and η-Zn. The transition layer between the alloy coating and steel substrate with the considerably higher Al content (SEM/EDS, TEM/EDS) has been found in both non-treated and annealed samples (600°C/5 minutes). Only the monoclinic FeAl3Znx phase however was revealed in the annealed sample (TEM/electron diffraction) remaining uncertain the presence of the orthorhombic Fe2Al5Znx phase, reported by several authors.