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Charlie Albert Lasuin, Azizah Omar and T. Ramayah

Abstract

TPPA faced turbulence and uncertainty among its members when the newly-elected President of the United States, Mr. Donald Trumps abandoned the trade deal. Now, the so-called TPP11 or TPP 12 minus one becomes talk of the town especially to the remaining countries with hopes that the trade deal can be salvage and turn into a reality. Malaysia has another option to rely on in case the trade deal faced the dead end. This paper discuss the possible steps and mitigations for Malaysia and also local SMEs in dealing with the future of TPP11 with the alternative economic deal such as Asean Economic Community (AEC) and Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). Local SMEs can enhance their products and services by focusing on domestic market as well as looking for opportunity in the international market as another way to survive in the red ocean market. The introduction of the Digital Free Trade Zone (DFTZ) creates another opportunity for Malaysian SMEs to optimise the emerging growth of the Internet economy and cross border e-commerce activities. In addition, the DFTZ would enhanced local SMEs in terms of export capabilities in the digital market particularly with China. Local SMEs should remain proactive, resilience and versatile in facing the world’s economic uncertainty particularly the TPP for the sustainability of their business livelihood. Thus, this paper will review the next step for Malaysian SMEs in dealing with the uncertain future of the TPPA minus 1.

Open access

Nauman Majeed, T. Ramayah, Norizah Mustamil, Mohammad Nazri and Samia Jamshed

Abstract

Leadership and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) stayed at pinnacle in the arena of organizational behavior research since decades and has attained significant consideration of scholars pursuing to define multifaceted dynamics of leadership and their influence on follower’s behavior at work. The voluntary behavior of Organizational citizenship improves organizational effectiveness, and it goes beyond formal job duties. This study attempts to explore the association amongst transformational leadership and organizational citizenship behavior of teachers in public sector higher education institutions in Pakistan. Study of organizational citizenship behavior in educational organizations and academicians is of high value that definitely requires attention. This study examines the direct and indirect influence of transformational leadership through exploring the mediating role of emotional intelligence. The model was tested by employing structural equation modelling technique on survey responses collected from academicians. Results from 220 responses indicated that relationship between transformational leadership and Organizational Citizenship Behavior is statistically significant where Emotional Intelligence plays an important role as a mediator. The results support and add to the positive effects of transformational leadership style interconnected with extra role behavior at work making it more meaningful. The findings make a significant contribution to leadership and organizational behavior literature in higher education sector and propose that organizations should implement practices that help in enhancing the level of organizational citizenship behavior in organizations.