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  • Author: Syed Mujahid Hassan x
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Abstract

Gastritis cystica profunda (GCP) is a rare, benign lesion of the stomach characterized by polypoid hyperplasia and/or ulcerated mucosal lesion and cystic dilatation of the gastric glands extending into the submucosa or muscularis propria of the stomach. Its etiology and pathogenesis are still incompletely understood. The most important factor is assumed to be a history of prior gastric surgery. We herein present a case of a young adult female with upper gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. She underwent upper GI endoscopy twice, which revealed pyloric narrowing and intramural mass. Gastric endoscopic mucosal biopsies were performed, but no tumor was identified and her symptoms persisted. Imaging studies also revealed a mass lesion. Open laparotomy and partial gastrectomy with histopathology of the resected specimen revealed the true nature of the lesion. Surgery also improved her symptoms. GCP should be kept in the differential diagnosis of gastric mural mass lesions.

Abstract

Spontaneous acute esophageal necrosis (AEN) has been reported to be extremely rare. The condition is defined as a dark pigmentation of the esophagus associated with histologic mucosal necrosis. The exact pathogenesis is still unknown, but several etiologies have been suggested including ischemia, gastric outlet obstruction, hypersensitivity to antibiotics, gastric volvulus and viral infection. We herein present a case of a middle-aged man with end-stage renal disease who presented with AEN following a hemodialysis session. Its diagnosis and management are discussed with reference to the pathogenesis of the condition.

Abstract

Peliosis hepatis (PH) is a rare, benign condition of the liver characterized by the presence of blood-filled lacunar spaces in the parenchyma. It usually has a chronic presentation and is a rare cause of portal hypertension reported in adult patients. Its etiology is diverse and ranges from infectious agents to tumors to toxic substances and anabolic steroids; however, the cause remains unclear in 25–50% of patients. Similarly, the symptomatology and imaging findings are diverse. Biopsy is the definitive test to diagnose the condition. Herein, we present a case of a young female presenting in her seventh month of gestational amenorrhea with signs of portal hypertension and subsequently diagnosed to have PH. She was managed conservatively and delivered her baby normally. Later, she presented with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and hepatic encephalopathy and developed hepatorenal syndrome. She later succumbed to her illness. The condition should be kept in the differential diagnosis of the atypical liver masses and liver diseases causing portal hypertension.

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the clinical presentation, possible etiological factors, management and outcome of patients in our hospital with extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO). Materials and Methods: This study included patients with EHPVO followed up in our department during last 10 years. Patients of cirrhosis with EHPVO were excluded. Patients’ clinical presentation, etiology of EHPVO, management and outcome results were analyzed. Results: Of 30 patients, 19 (67.9%) were males. Median age was 12 years. Of 14 patients who underwent liver biopsy 9 had histological activity index stage of 1/6. History of omphalitis and pulmonary tuberculosis was present in one case each. Of 22 patients with the available thrombophilia profile, nine patients had a deficiency of protein C, five patients had a deficiency of protein S, one each had reduced level S of anti-thrombin III and factor V mutation. The predominant presenting symptom was hematemesis (15 patients, 53.6%). Seven patients (25%) had splenomegaly. Three patients (10.7%) had no esophageal varices on endoscopy. Three patients underwent splenectomy due to severe pancytopenia. Endoscopic retrograde cholangipancreatography was performed in four patients (14.3%) due to portal biliopathy. Common bile duct stenting was performed in all four patients. Of them, one patient underwent splenorenal shunt operation for indication of hemobilia. One patient died at the age of 40 years, due to cholangitis and sepsis. Conclusions: Results from this study show that the anticoagulant deficiency is a common cause of EHPVO in our setup. Hematemesis is a common presenting symptom. Some of these patients have symptomatic portal biliopathy.