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Open access

Nepotu Grigore, Gheorghe Romanescu and Cristian Constantin Stoleriu

Abstract

The main objective of the paper is focused on water quality research in the village of Bivolari, Iasi County. The Bivolari settlement is situated in the Prut meadow and develops along the road connecting Iasi and Stefanesti. The research done in this paper starts from the collection of data on water pH, water LDO (oxygen concentration), CDC (dissolved salt content) and water temperature. The parameters were measured for 7 months using the HACH-LANGE multiparameter of the Geoarchaeology Laboratory at Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi (Inter-disciplinary Platform ArheoInvest). The study is structured in two sections: scientific substantiation and applicative research. The scientific substantiation part analyzes the water features in the context of the integrated management approach as well as an analysis of the quality aspects of the water supply. The applied research part required monthly field measurements in 50 fountains (without the winter season). The approached subject is is complex and up-to-date because the citizen is a priority for EU Member States (EUPAN, 2009): the aspect of “customer satisfaction” represents a capital priority. Finally, the database is structured into two categories: spatial information such as maps; tabular information attached to spatial data. The paper also follows the transition from the field of research into the field of application by presenting models of data representation, which are at the same time tools adapted to the practical needs. In order to achieve this goal, the concept of quality (both in terms of product - drinking water and local consumer) is defined and addressed in an integrated manner. Of the 50 wells monitored, only one had a water shortage in the last 10 years, and in two other cases there were problems with household waste and dead animals that damaged the water supply. Some fountains can dry at intervals of 3-4 years.

Open access

Ion Constantin, Baltag Emanuel Ştefan, Ursu Adrian, Sfîcă Lucian, Ignat Alina Elena and Stoleriu Cristian Constantin

Abstract

The avian habitats in Eastern Europe are poorly managed in last decades. It is of highly noteworthy influence importance to obtain more information regarding the link between birds’ presence and environmental features in wetlands to improve this poorly managed system. In our study we investigated the effects of the various habitat, landscape fragmentation and weather variables on the bird assemblages in Eastern Romania, described by diversity, species richness and abundance of non-passerine birds in wetlands. Poisson regression modelling revealed wetland area, wetland heterogeneity, proportion of open-water, density of patches and habitats, landscape shape and temperature conditions have a noteworthy influence on the bird assemblages (p<0,05). Our results suggest that the link between environmental features and birds’ assemblage, in our study areas could be dependent on the presence of the emergent vegetation (shelter / reproduction zones), the balance between open-water area (feeding / nesting zones) and also other variables, as the temperature, the presence of the human living facilities and/or intensive fish nurseries in the neighboring zones. Waterbird distribution and abundance in eastern part of Romania are driven by similar factors to other part of the world and this study could be one of the first published on the topic in a region where It is a lack of information on waterbirds ecology. Such studies would bring valuable information about the ecologic factors influencing the lives of the birds, in the areas that were not stueid before, resulting in better conservation efforts and wetland protection, in estern part of Europe.