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Dudi Maniram, Bansal Rajeev, Srivastava Trilochan and R.V. Sardana

Abstract

We report a case where acute onset cortical blindness is the mode of presentation in Moyamoya disease. Cortical blindness is very rare presenting symptom of Moyamoya disease. Progressive visual loss and homonymous anopsia has been described previously, but this case had acute visual loss.

Open access

Pradeep Kumar, Shashi K. Jain, Virendra D. Sinha and Trilochan Srivastava

Abstract

Introduction: Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (aSAH) remains a devastating and often fatal form of stroke. The aneurysm is targeted for obliteration to prevent re-bleeding and to manage the possible complications from the event. Endovascular coiling has emerged as a less invasive alternative to conventional surgical clipping to treat aneurysms.

Patients and methods: This study was done in 50 cases of anterior communicating (Acommm) aneurysm presented in the department of neurosurgery, SMS medical college, Jaipur from November 2015 to August 2016 to evaluate the outcome of both modalities used in the treatment of ruptured Acommm aneurysm. 50 patients with Hunt and Hess (H&H) grade I, II or III were classified into two groups of microsurgical clipping and endovascular coiling.

Results: Mortality rate was comparable in both groups that were 21. 21% in the clipping group and 23. 52% in the coiling group. Good Glasgow outcome score (GOS) were found in 60. 60% of clipping and 58. 58% of coiling group. All the complications found to be more in clipping group but that were not statistically significant except for hyponatremia which was significantly higher in clipping group(P=0. 007).

Conclusion: There was no statistically significant difference in GOS at 6 month of follow up between the two groups. We recommend further interventional studies with larger sample sizes and longer follow up for better evaluation of the modalities.