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  • Author: Somsak Kuptniratsaikul x
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Magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of meniscal tear

Abstract

Background: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been recognized as the imaging method for non-invasive evaluation of knee pathology, particular meniscus and ligaments. Objective: Compare the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of MRI in the detection of meniscal tears with arthroscopy. Material and methods: Twenty-seven patients who were diagnosed as meniscal tear on arthroscopy with preoperative MRI were included in this study between January 2003 and June 2008. MRI was performed with a 1.5 Tesla Signa Horizon Echospeed MRI for eight patients between January 2003 and June 2005 and a 1.5 Tesla Signa Excited HD MRI for nineteen patients between July 2005 and June 2008. The location of meniscal tear was evaluated by studying three areas: anterior horn, body and posterior horn. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of the anterior horn, body, posterior horn and overall meniscus were calculated. Results: The sensitivity of MRI for detecting meniscal tears at the anterior horn, body, posterior horn, and overall medial meniscus was 42.9%, 87.5%, 94.1%, and 81.3%, respectively. The specificity was 95.0%, 84.2%, 81.8%, and 88.0%, respectively. The accuracy was 81.5%, 85.2%, 89.3%, and 85.4%, respectively. The PPV was 75.0%, 70.0%, 88.9%, and 81.2%, respectively. The NPV was 82.6%, 94.1%, 90.0%, and 88.0%, respectively. The sensitivity of MRI for detecting meniscal tears at the anterior horn, body, posterior horn and overall lateral meniscus was 0%, 100%, 85.7%, and 80.0%, respectively. The specificity was 100%, 100%, 90.5% and 97.2%, respectively. The accuracy was 96.0%, 100%, 90.5%, and 97.2%, respectively. The PPV was 100%, 75% and 80%, respectively. The NPV was 96.3%, 100%, 95.0%, and 97.2%, respectively. Conclusion: MRI is a helpful technique to detect meniscal tear with different sensitivity and accuracy on the meniscal location.

Open access
Osteogenic differentiation of rat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells encapsulated in Thai silk fibroin/collagen hydrogel: a pilot study in vitro

Abstract

Background

Silk fibroin (SF) can be processed into a hydrogel. SF/collagen hydrogel may be a suitable biomaterial for bone tissue engineering.

Objectives

To investigate in vitro biocompatibility and osteogenic potential of encapsulated rat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (rat MSCs) in an injectable Thai SF/collagen hydrogel induced by oleic acid–poloxamer 188 surfactant mixture in an in vitro pilot study.

Methods

Rat MSCs were encapsulated in 3 groups of hydrogel scaffolds (SF, SF with 0.05% collagen [SF/0.05C], and SF with 0.1% collagen [SF/0.1C]) and cultured in a growth medium and an osteogenic induction medium. DNA, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and calcium were assayed at periodically for up to 5 weeks. After 6 weeks of culture the cells were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy.

Results

Although SF hydrogel with collagen seems to have less efficiency to encapsulate rat MSCs, their plateau phase growth in all hydrogels was comparable. Inability to maintain cell viability as cell populations declined over 1–5 days was observed. Cell numbers then plateaued and were maintained until day 14 of culture. ALP activity and calcium content of rat MSCs in SF/collagen hydrogels were highest at day 21. An enhancing effect of collagen combined with the hydrogel was observed for proliferation and matrix formation; however, benefits of the combination on osteogenic differentiation and biomineralization are as yet unclear.

Conclusion

Rat MSCs in SF and SF/collagen hydrogels showed osteogenic differentiation. Accordingly, these hydrogels may serve as promising scaffolds for bone tissue engineering.

Open access