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  • Author: Slobodan Marić x
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Abstract

The essential research intention in this work is oriented toward considering the nature of entrepreneurial activities regarding to the volume of representation, according to some stages of the entrepreneurial process for defined groups of countries, different development degree in crisis conditions. The analysis of research data has drawn some conclusions, which have largely confirmed hypotheses. Obtained results, after the application of adequate statistical procedures, emphasize the existence of negative correlation, degree of economic development and the rate of economic growth. They are partly explained by the place and causes of analysed crisis circumstances, the degree of integrity of financial and economic systems, as well as the heterogeneous economic structure, as the main resistance to negative economic trends. The defined groups of countries of different development degrees show different differences in all the degrees of the entrepreneurial process. There is a positive correlation between the volume of entrepreneurial activities and the rate of economic growth, but on behalf of the countries of the lower development degree. Crisis conditions in the least developed countries generate an additional pressure on entrepreneurial activities; while the relatively stable environment of highly developed countries enables some individuals to find business possibilities outside the entrepreneurial sector.

Abstract

The basic goal of this work is the cognition of fundamental entrepreneurial motives (necessity and opportunity) depending on general social and entrepreneurial opportunities according to the stages of entrepreneurial process. The work presents the results of the analysis of selected variables previously cited appearances based on data from the GEM project in 2009 for 48 countries classified into three groups according to the stages of economic development. To compare groups and establish differences, one-factor analysis of variance was used, while relationships and connections between selected features of development degrees, entrepreneurial activities and motives of entrepreneurial projects were analyzed by the Pearson correlation coefficient. The analysis of available data and selected features confirmed a great dependence of motives of entrepreneurial projects and conditions of the environment of different development degrees that determine differences to all observed features directly or indirectly connected with entrepreneurial decisions.

Abstract

The aim of the paper is to investigate if there is any correlation between active leadership style and organizational innovativeness in the case of middle and large companies that operate on the territory of the Republic of Serbia. For this research authors have used Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) on the sample of 159 organizations that have more than 50 employees. Respondents were managers. For data analysis Hierarchical Multiple Regression and Spearman’s correlation was used. Results of analysis show that there is a statistically significant positive relationship between active leadership style and organizational innovativeness in companies in the Republic of Serbia. Available literature and results of previous surveys pointed out all benefits of this leadership style and in this paper results of research show that active leadership style is one of the crucial factors which encourage organizational innovativeness. Due to its positive influence on creating innovative atmosphere and growth of innovativeness, managers should pay more attention to active leadership style and implement it.