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  • Author: Sivachidambaram Kulandaivelan x
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Exercise in Pregnancy: Effect on Obesity Parameters in Indian Women – A Randomized Controlled Trial

Abstract

Background and aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of physical activity and diet during prenatal period and its effect on gestational weight gain (GWG), BMI, waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC) and post-partum weight retention (PPWR).

Materials and Methods: This was an experimental study (pre-post comparison) with 45 pregnant women having singleton pregnancy of >16 weeks of gestation, BMI>18.5 Kg/m2 and having a mobile phone. They were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=12 each; compliance rate 80%) (i.e.) exercise (n=12), exercise with diet advise (n=12) and control (n=12) group. Exercise groups attended weekly antenatal exercise sessions at the hospital during pregnancy; diet group received regular diet counseling followed by mobile text-messages (reminder, motivational, guidelines and benefits) to maintain adequate diet. The data was analyzed using IBM-SPSS software.

Results: Exercise groups gained less weight then control. Similarly, had mean GWG less as compared to control group though not statistically significant. The mean WC changes were significant amongst the groups with the exercise groups having least gain in WC (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Adopting an active lifestyle along with proper diet care can prevent development of abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome in Indian pregnant women which could prevent them from other associated lifestyle diseases in future.

Open access
Efficacy of Pilates Based Mat Exercise on Quality of Life, Quality of Sleep and Satisfaction with Life in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Abstract

Background and Aims: Diabetes Mellitus may affect the patient’s quality of life and sleep that lead to reduced satisfaction of life. Aim of study was to improve quality of life and sleep along with satisfaction of life by giving physical therapy (pilates based on mat exercise) intervention. Material and Methods: Study design: experimental study, same subject design (pre-post). Sample size: 30 individuals (13 males,17 females) with mean age 46.05±9.01, mean weight 70.48±12.11 and mean duration of diabetes mellitus 7.88±4.49. Intervention: Pilates based mat exercises were given in experimental group. Duration of treatment:30-40minutes.Number of session:5 sessions/week. Total duration: 4 weeks. Outcomes measures: Final Qolid Questionnaire, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Satisfaction with Life Scale. Statistics: descriptive statistics used to measure mean± standard deviation and inferential statistics related t-test used to compare pre and post reading. Results: The results showed highly significant effect of exercise on quality of life and quality of sleep and significant result was found on satisfaction with life. Conclusion: Pilates based mat exercises shows positive effect on all parameters (quality of life, quality of sleep and satisfaction with life) of patients having type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Open access
Home Based Exercise Intervention in Pregnant Indian Women: Effects on Weight and Obesity Markers

Abstract

Background and Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a home based physical activity intervention during pregnancy on weight and various obesity markers resulting in metabolic syndrome in future. Methods: The paper presents a pilot experimental study (pre-post comparison) from a larger ongoing trial, with40 pregnant women (20 each) having singleton pregnancy of >16 weeks of gestation, BMI >18.5 Kg/m2 and declared fit by gynecologist for physical activity during pregnancy. They were assigned to either home exercise group receiving antenatal weight loss intervention delivered via 2 exercise demonstration sessions and informative brochures with advised regular 30 minutes walking during pregnancy, while control group was advised once at initial recruitment for maintaining active lifestyle during pregnancy. The data was analyzed using IBM-SPSS-(version 21) software. Results: Though the exercise group had less weight gain and weight retention than the control group, the pregnancy home intervention alone was not effective in controlling obesity parameters like body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC) and waist to hip ratio (W/H).Conclusion: Home based pregnancy exercise intervention should include other adjunct components, which could be diet advice or timely supervised exercise sessions to have appreciable obesity control during pregnancy.

Open access