Mehmet Ali Uçar, Mesude Falay, Simten Dağdas, Funda Ceran, Selin Merih Urlu and Gülsüm Özet
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether or not reticulocyte hemoglobin equivalent (RET-He) is a superior indicator of blood count and other iron parameters in terms of diagnosing iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA), and thus evaluating a patient’s response to oral iron treatment.
The research population consisted of 217 participants in total: 54 control, 53 ID, 58 non-ID anemia, and 52 IDA patients. A hemoglobin (Hb) value of < 130.0 g/L was defined as indicating anemia for men, while an Hb value of < 120.0 g/L was defined as indicating anemia for women. All patients were administered 270 mg oral elemental iron sulphate daily.
The RET-He was significantly lower in the IDA group, compared to other groups (IDA: 21.0 ± 4.1, ID: 26.0 ± 4.9, non-ID anemia: 32.1 ± 6.8, control: 36.6 ± 7.0; < 0.001). The ID group had a lower RET-He compared to the non-ID anemia group and the control group. On the 5th day of treatment, the ID and IDA group showed no significant differences in terms of Hb while the RET-He level demonstrated a significant increase. The increase in the RET-He level observed in the IDA group on the 5th day was significantly higher compared to the increase observed in the ID group. A RET-He value of 25.4 pg and below predicted ID diagnosis with 90.4% sensitivity and 49.1% specificity in IDA patients, compared to the ID group.
The results of our study, therefore, suggest that RET-He may be a clinically useful marker in the diagnosis of ID and IDA.
Mehmet Ali Ucar, Anıl Tombak, Simten Dagdas, Aydan Akdeniz, Funda Ceran, Salim Neselioglu, Ozcan Erel and Gulsum Ozet
This study planned to investigate the relationship of dynamic thiol/disulfide homeostasis with the prognosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).
80 patients who had been diagnosed with MDS between 2012 and 2017 and who were older than 18 were included in the study together with 80 healthy control subjects. The MDS diagnosis was confirmed using bone marrow aspiration-biopsy immunostaining. Dynamic thiol/disulfide homeostasis and ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) levels were examined.
The average IMA (0.71±0.08 vs. 0.67±0.09; p=0.002), median disulfide (18.0 vs. 11.6; p<0.001), median disulfide/native thiol (6 vs. 3; p<0.001), and median disulfide/total thiol (5.4 vs. 2.9; p<0.001) were found higher in the MDS patients compared to control group, and the median hemoglobin, median white blood cell count, median neutrophil count, median lymphocyte count, average native thiol (290.7±48.5 vs. 371.5±103.8; p<0.001), average total thiol (328.2±48.9 vs. 393±105.5; p<0.001), and average native thiol/total thiol (%) (88.3±4.3 vs. 94.2±2.1; p<0.001) were found to be low. Risk factors such as collagen tissue disease (HR:9.17; p=0.005), MDS-EB-1 (HR:10.14; p=0.032), MDS-EB-2 (HR:18.2; p=0.043), and disulfide/native thiol (HR:1.17; p=0.023) were found as the independent predictors anticipating progression to acute myeloid leukemia. In the Cox regression model, risk factors such as age (HR:1.05; p=0.002), MDS-EB-1 (HR:12.58; p<0.001), MDS-EB-2 (HR:5.75; p=0.033), disulfide/native thiol (HR:1.14; p=0.040), and hemoglobin (HR:0.64; p=0.007) were found as predictors anticipating for mortality.
We can argue that dynamic thiol/disulfide homeostasis could have significant effects on both the etiopathogenesis and the survival of patients with MDS, and it could be included in new prognostic scoring systems.