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  • Author: Silviu-Horia Morariu x
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Voidăzan Septimiu, Morariu Silviu-Horia, Căpâlnă Mihai, Mărginean Claudiu and Dobreanu Minodora

Abstract

Background. Cervical cancer (CC) is a major public health problem worldwide. Knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV) genotype prevalence and distribution is important for the introduction of an effective vaccination program and the corresponding epidemiological monitoring. The aim of this study was to identify and analyze the distribution of high-risk HPV genotypes.

Methods. Data were collected from 136 patients for the detection of circulating HPV genotypes, where Pap test results revealed the presence of koilocytes or high risk (HR) dysplastic lesions, elements that raise the suspicion of HPV infection.

Results. HPV infection was identified in 72 (55.4%) of the patients tested, 34 (47.3%) with single infection, and 38 (52.7%) with multiple infections. Twenty-two different types of HPV were identified: 14 high risk HPV types, 7 low risk HPV types, 1 probable high risk HPV type. HPV 16 was the most frequently detected (55.6%) one, it was involved in single (15 cases) and multiple (25 cases) infections, primarily associated with type 18 (12 cases), and type 52 (11 cases). The presence of HPV 18 (29.2%) and HPV 52 (23.6%) was identified after HPV type 16.

Conclusions. Oncogenic HPV genotypes 16, 18, and 52 were most frequently associated in women with dysplastic lesions, which require the use of polyvalent HPV vaccines when assessing cross-protective effects of specific immunoprophylaxis programs.

Open access

Laura Stătescu, Magda Constantin, Horia Silviu Morariu and Laura Gheucă Solovăstru

Abstract

Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is an acute, life-threatening muco-cutaneous disease, often induced by drugs. It is characterized by muco-cutaneous erythematous and purpuric lesions, flaccid blisters which erupt, causing large areas of denudation. The condition can involve the genitourinary, pulmonary and, gastrointestinal systems. Because of the associated high mortality rate early diagnosis and treatment are mandatory.

This article presents the case of a sixty-six years old male patient, known to have cirrhosis, chronic kidney failure, and diabetes mellitus. His current treatment included haemodialysis. He was hospitalized as an emergency to the Dermatology Department for erythemato-violaceous, purpuric patches and papules, with acral disposition, associated with rapidly spreading erosions of the oral, nasal and genital mucosa and the emergence of flaccid blisters which erupted quickly leaving large areas of denudation. Based on the clinical examination and laboratory investigations the patient was diagnosed with TEN, secondary to carbamazepine intake for encephalopathic phenomena. The continuous alteration in both kidney and liver function and electrolyte imbalance, required him to be transferred to the intensive care unit. Following pulse therapy with systemic corticosteroids, hydro-electrolytic re-equilibration, topical corticosteroid and antibiotics, there was a favourable resolution of TEN.

The case is of interest due to possible life-threatening cutaneous complications, including sepsis and significant fluid loss, in a patient with associated severe systemic pathology, highlighting the importance of early recognition of TEN, and the role of a multidisciplinary team in providing suitable treatment.

Open access

Traian Vasile Constantin, Victor Lucian Mădan, Maria-Magdalena Constantin, Silviu-Horia Morariu and Bogdan Braticevici

Abstract

Prostate cancer is, after lung cancer, the most common malignant disease diagnosed in the male population. The introduction into the practice used during the 80’s and 90’s of the determination of serum Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) levels, as a component of screening for prostate cancer, was a turning point in the medical practice. Due to this enzyme produced exclusively by the prostate gland, the prostate cancer detection rate (in curative, intracapsular stages) improved significantly. Serum PSA is a better predictive factor for prostate cancer (PC) than digital rectal examination or transrectal prostatic ultrasound.

Open access

Mihail Alexandru Badea, Florin Buicu, Anton Mihai Ţilea, Iudita Maria Badea, Andreea Luciana Chiotoroiu, Vasile Adrian Mureșan and Silviu Horia Morariu

Abstract

Graham Little-Lassueur Syndrome (GLLS) is considered a form of lichen planopilaris which associates follicular lichen planus, cicatricial alopecia of the scalp and noncicatricial alopecia of the axillary and/or pubic regions. We present the case of a 47 years old female patient, known for 5 years with chronic hepatitis C and a poor therapeutic control of the disease due to Interferon intolerance. She presented to our clinic for the occurrence on the shins of some well-defined, intensely pruritic erythematous plaques, covered with thick scales, with a verrucous appearance, accompanied by excoriations. The skin biopsy reveal hypertrophic lichen planus on the shins and lichen planopilaris on the scalp. The patient was treated with systemic antihystamines, topical corticosteroids and salicylic acid under occlusion, emollients, phototherapy UVB narrow band 4 sessions/week for 3 weeks, cryotherapy. From our knowledge this is the first case of GLLS associated with chronic viral hepatis C.