Junichi Mohri, Chikatoshi Katada, Marie Ueda, Mitsuhiro Sugawara, Keishi Yamashita, Hiromitsu Moriya, Shouko Komori, Kazushige Hayakawa, Wasaburo Koizumi and Koichiro Atsuda
Background and Objectives
We retrospectively studied the predisposing factors for nephrotoxicity in the patients with advanced esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma who received combination chemotherapy with docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (DCF therapy).
Between January 2010 and March 2014, 41 patients with Stage IB to III esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma received the DCF therapy (docetaxel 70-75 mg/m2, day 1; cisplatin 70-75 mg/m2, day 1; 5-fluorouracil 750 mg/m2, days 1-5) in our hospital. Renal dysfunction was defined as a creatinine clearance (Ccr) of less than 60 mL/min. Predictors of nephrotoxicity were identified through logistic-regression analysis.
Nephrotoxicity developed in 20 patients and did not develop in 21 patients. Nephrotoxicity developed during the first course of DCF therapy in 16 patients, the second course in 3 patients, and the third course in 1 patient. The dose of DCF therapy was decreased in 8 patients with nephrotoxicity and 7 patients without nephrotoxicity. Multivariate analysis showed that a low Ccr level immediately before DCF therapy was an independent risk factor for the development of nephrotoxicity (odds ratio, 0.932; 95% confidence interval, 0.876 to 0.992; P = 0.027). On receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the optimal cutoff value of Ccr for the development of nephrotoxicity was 75.8 mL/min. The 2-year overall survival rate was 84.2% in patients with nephrotoxicity and 90.0% in patients without nephrotoxicity (P = 0.635).
Low Ccr levels immediately before DCF therapy are a risk factor for the development of nephrotoxicity. Patients should therefore be carefully monitored.
Sakiko Yamane, Chikatoshi Katada, Satoshi Tanabe, Mizutomo Azuma, Kenji Ishido, Takafumi Yano, Takuya Wada, Akinori Watanabe, Natsuko Kawanishi, Yasuaki Furue, Yuki Kondo, Shouko Komori, Hiromichi Ishiyama, Kazushige Hayakawa and Wasaburo Koizumi
To evaluate the clinical outcomes in patients with cancer of an unknown primary site (CUP), who were treated by gastrointestinal oncologists.
We retrospectively studied 29 patients with CUP who were presented at the Department of Gastroenterology, Kitasato University Hospital from October 2005 to October 2013, and were treated by the gastrointestinal oncologists. The patients were divided into two groups, namely chemotherapy group and symptomatic therapy group, and the clinical characteristics and survival times were compared. The clinical course was studied according to the histologic type (adenocarcinoma or non-adenocarcinoma), prognostic subset (favorable or unfavorable), and the presence or absence of chemotherapy.
The chemotherapy group comprised 19 patients, and the symptomatic therapy group comprised 10 patients. The median survival time was 11 months in the chemotherapy group and 3 months in the symptomatic therapy group. Twenty-two patients had adenocarcinoma, and 7 had non-adenocarcinoma. Of the 22 patients with adenocarcinoma, 2 belonged to the favorable prognostic subset and received chemotherapy. One of these patients died of cancer at 47 months, and the other was alive and disease free at 58 months. Among the 20 patients with adenocarcinoma in the unfavorable prognostic subset, 16 received chemotherapy and had a median survival of 16 months. Seven (44%) of these patients survived for at least 21 months, and 3 patients who could receive 3 or more regimens survived for at least 46 months.
It might be appropriate for gastrointestinal oncologists to treat CUP on the basis of clinical experience, depending on the situation.