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Selma Ajanovic, Halima Resic, Fahrudin Masnic, Aida Coric, Amela Beciragic, Nejra Prohic, Alen Dzubur and Monika Tomic

Abstract

Introduction. Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in hemodialysis patients. The decline of residual renal function increases the prevalence and severity of risk factors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in these patients. Hypertension is common in dialysis patients and represents an important independent factor of survival in these patients.

Methods. The study included 77 patients who are on chronic HD for longer than 3 months. Depending on the measured residual diuresis patients were divided into two groups. The study group consisted of patients with residual diuresis >250 ml/day, while patients from control group had residual diuresis <250 ml/day. All patients had their blood pressure measured before 10 consecutive hemodialysis treatments. Collected data were statistically analyzed using SPSS 16.0.

Results. The study included 77 hemodialysis patients, mean age of 56.56±14.6 years and mean duration of hemodialysis treatment of 24.0 months. Of the total number of patients, 39(50.6%) had preserved residual renal function. Hypertension was more common in the group of patients who did not have preserved residual renal function (68.4% vs 25.6%). There was statistically significant negative linear correlation between the volume of residual urine output and the residual clearance of urea and values of systolic blood pressure [(rho=−0.388; p<0.0001); (rho=−0.392; p<0.0005)], values of mean arterial pressure [(rho =−0.272; p<0.05); (rho=−0.261; p=0.023; p<0.05)] and values of pulse pressure in hemodialysis patients [(rho =−0.387; p<0.001); (rho=−0.400; p<0.0005)].

Conclusions. Residual renal function plays an important role in controlling blood pressure in patients on hemodialysis. More attention should be directed to preserve residual renal function, and after the start of hemodialysis by avoiding intensive ultrafiltration with optimal antihypertensive therapy.

Open access

Aida Coric, Halima Resic, Goce Spasovski, Orhan Lepara, Selma Ajanovic, Nermina Klapuh, Nejra Prohic and Amela Beciragic

Abstract

Introduction. Bone disease is a chronic complication of chronic kidney disease and major clinical problem in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The aim of our study was to assess the influence of treatment longevity on biochemical parameters of mineral and bone metabolism in HD patients, and to identify the most important parameters. Methods. The research was observational and retrospective, involved 70 patients, mean age 58.69±12.54, divided into groups in respect to the duration of dialysis treatment (Group I-5 years, Group II-5-10 years and Group III-over 10 years). Results. Serum phosphorus was increased, but the values tend to increase along with dialysis duration - (Group I: 1.93±0.45; Group II: 1.97±0.50; Group III: 2.01±0.37; p>0,05). Calcium values were also not significantly increased based on the duration of treatment [Group I: 2.3 (2.2-2.41); Group II: 2.46 (2.15-2.6), Group III: 2.35 (2.10-2.52)]. Dialysis and PTH correlated positively in the first group of patients (Rho=0.470, p=0.013). The values of calcium and alkaline phosphatase correlated positively in all patients (Rho=0.351, p=0.003). PTH was significantly higher in the second and third compared to the first group (p=0.009 and p=0.038, respectively), and there was no significant difference between the second and the third group. Interestingly, parathyroidectomized patients had higher PTH values compared to those without parathyroidectomy (557 vs. 359 pg/ml). Conclusion. The most reliable marker for clinical monitoring of bone disease in dialysis patients is PTH. The values of calcium and phosphorus are highly variable and not reliable parameters for bone disease follow-up.