Splat formation and degradation of hydroxyapatite during plasma spraying process
Plasma spraying is most used thermal spray process for coating of bioceramic and bioinert materials. It is line of sight technique, easy to use and inexpensive as compared to other processes used for coatings. The main disadvantage of this technique for coating hydroxyapatite (HA) is that due to high temperature of plasma (of the order of 16000°C) HA tends to degrade into amorphous calcium phosphates. These amorphous phases are not desirable and have a tendency to dissolve in body environment. In this article an attempt has been made to understand the plasma spraying process for coating of hydroxyapatite.