Interpreting Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced (DCE) MR images for signs of breast cancer is time consuming and complex, since the amount of data that needs to be examined by a radiologist in breast DCE-MRI to locate suspicious lesions is huge. Misclassifications can arise from either overlooking a suspicious region or from incorrectly interpreting a suspicious region. The segmentation of breast DCE-MRI for suspicious lesions in detection is thus attractive, because it drastically decreases the amount of data that needs to be examined. The new segmentation method for detection of suspicious lesions in DCE-MRI of the breast tissues is based on artificial fishes swarm clustering algorithm is presented in this paper. Artificial fish swarm optimization algorithm is a swarm intelligence algorithm, which performs a search based on population and neighborhood search combined with random search. The major criteria for segmentation are based on the image voxel values and the parameters of an empirical parametric model of segmentation algorithms. The experimental results show considerable impact on the performance of the segmentation algorithm, which can assist the physician with the task of locating suspicious regions at minimal time.
Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is one of the leading causes of visual impairment. Diabetic Retinopathy is the most recent technique of identifying the intensity of acid secretion in the eye for diabetic patients. The identification of DR is performed by visual analysis of retinal images for exudates (fat deposits) and the main patterns are traced by ophthalmologists. This paper proposes a fully automated Computer Assisted Evaluation (CAE) system which comprises of a set of algorithms for exudates detection and to classify the different stages of Diabetics Retinopathy, which are identified as either normal or mild or moderate or severe. Experimental validation is performed on a real fundus retinal image database. The segmentation of exudates is achieved using fuzzy C-means clustering and entropy filtering. An optimal set obtained from the statistical textural features (GLCM and GLHM) is extracted from the segmented exudates for classifying the different stages of Diabetics Retinopathy. The different stages of Diabetic Retinopathy are classified using three classifiers such as Back Propagation Neural Network (BPN), Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN) and Support Vector Machine (SVM). The experimental results show that the SVM classifiers outperformed other classifiers for the examined fundus retinal image dataset. The results obtained confirm that with new a set of texture features, the proposed methodology provides better performance when compared to the other methods available in the literature. These results suggest that our proposed method in this paper can be useful as a diagnostic aid system for Diabetic Retinopathy.
Automatic mass or lesion classification systems are developed to aid in distinguishing between malignant and benign lesions present in the breast DCE-MR images, the systems need to improve both the sensitivity and specificity of DCE-MR image interpretation in order to be successful for clinical use. A new classifier (a set of features together with a classification method) based on artificial neural networks trained using artificial fish swarm optimization (AFSO) algorithm is proposed in this paper. The basic idea behind the proposed classifier is to use AFSO algorithm for searching the best combination of synaptic weights for the neural network. An optimal set of features based on the statistical textural features is presented. The investigational outcomes of the proposed suspicious lesion classifier algorithm therefore confirm that the resulting classifier performs better than other such classifiers reported in the literature. Therefore this classifier demonstrates that the improvement in both the sensitivity and specificity are possible through automated image analysis.