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Subhash Dadarwal, Sarika Madan and Shyam Agrawal

Formulation and evaluation of delayed-onset extended-release tablets of metoprolol tartrate using hydrophilic-swellable polymers

In view of the circadian rhythm of cardiovascular diseases, a delayed-onset extended-release (DOER) formulation of metoprolol tartrate (MT) was prepared. This was achieved through dissolution-guided optimization of the proportion of Methocel K4M and Methocel K15M. Core erosion ratio was greater than 50 %, thereby showing steady release of the drug after the lag time until complete dissolution. Optimized formulation produced a lag phase of 6 h followed by complete release of 98.7 ± 2.1 % in 24 h. Water uptake study revealed that Methocel K15M has lower water uptake (30 ± 1 %) than Methocel K4M (40 ± 2 %) after 24 h. Axial swelling of polymers was higher than swelling in the radial direction. Drug-polymer interaction study precludes any interaction between drug and polymer. Such a drug delivery system may provide a viable alternative for effective management of hypertension and other related disorders. This work also proposes an approach to attain DOER for a hydrophilic drug by using a hydrophilic swellable polymer in press coat.