Background: Oxidative stress represents tissue damage caused by reactive forms of oxygen and nitrogen due to the inability of antioxidant mechanisms to reduce reactive forms into more stable ones. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of surgical trauma on nitric oxide (NO) and nitrotyrosine (NT) values in patients undergoing conventional and laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Methods: A prospective study included sixty patients from the Department of Emergency Surgery, Clinical Centre of Serbia who were operated for gallstone related chronic cholecystitis. All the patients enrolled in the study underwent cholecystectomy; the first group was operated conventionally (30 patients - control group), while the second group was operated laparoscopically (30 patients - treatment group).
Results: There were no statistically significant differences in the values of NO and its postoperative changes in both groups, the conventionally operated group (p=0.943) and the laparoscopically operated group (p=0.393). We found an increase in NT values 24 hours postoperatively (p=0.000) in the conventionally operated patients, while in the group operated laparoscopically we didn’t find statistically significant changes in the values of NT (conventionally operated group (p=0.943) and laparoscopically operated group (p=0.393)).
Conclusions: In our study, we found a significant increase in NT values 24 hours postoperatively in conventionally operated patients i.e. the control group, vs. the treatment group. Further randomized studies are needed for a better understanding of the impact of surgical trauma on oxidative stress response.