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Talat Zeeshan, Safia Anjum, Hina Iqbal and Rehana Zia

Abstract

A series of copper substituted cobalt chromium ferrites, CuxCo1 - xCr0.5Fe1.5O4 (x = 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0) has been synthesized, by employing powder metallurgy method. Calcination of the samples has been carried out for 24 hours at 1100 °C. The resultant materials have been investigated by using a variety of techniques, including X-ray diffractometry (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM)), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and ultraviolet visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis). The XRD patterns confirmed that all compositions had a cubic spinel structure with a single phase and the lattice parameter was found to increase with increasing copper concentration. FT-IR spectroscopy has been used for studying the chemical bonds in the spinel ferrite. Shifting of the bands ν1 and ν2 has been observed. It has been revealed from VSM analysis that saturation magnetization and coercivity decrease with rising the Cu+2 doping. Magnetic properties have been explained on the basis of cation distribution. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) has been used to study the surface morphology of prepared samples. UV-Vis analysis revealed the optical absorption of the samples. An increase in band gaps has been observed with increasing copper concentration in the sample.

Open access

Salma Waseem, Safia Anjum, Lubna Mustafa, Anum Dar, Farooq Bashir and Rehana Zia

Abstract

A series of Ti0.9Fe0.1-xCrxO2 (where x = 0.0, 0.02, 0.04, 0.6, 0.08, 0.10) was synthesized using the powder metallurgy route. The structural, morphological, magnetic, optical and electrical properties were investigated by X-ray diffractometry (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM), UV-Vis spec­troscopy and four probe technique, respectively. The rutile phase was confirmed by XRD analysis which was also verified by Raman spectroscopy. It was observed that the grain size increased as the concentration of Cr increased. M-H loops ex­tracted from VSM analysis revealed anti-ferromagnetic, weak ferromagnetic and paramagnetic behaviors at room temperature. The band gap energy and resistivity measurements exhibited the semiconducting nature of Ti0.9Fe0.1-xCrxO2 based diluted magnetic semiconductors.