Muhammad Rizwan, Chaudhary Zeeshan and Saba Mahmood
The current study inspects the relationship among ethical leadership, organizational culture and job satisfaction with the mediating role of an organizational commitment in private educational sector of Islamabad, Pakistan. For this study data is collected through a survey of 210 employees of the education sector of Pakistan in October, 2016. The data is analyzed using SPSS 20.0 software through different statistical tests. The findings established the positive relationships among organizational culture, ethical leadership and job satisfaction with the mediating role of an organizational commitment. It is also observed that ethical leadership and organizational culture increases the job performance. The findings of the current study propose teachers and managers to encourage ethical leadership and create a positive culture to enhance organizational commitment and job satisfaction.
Muhammad Rizwan, Zeeshan Azad, Ashiq Ali and Saba Mahmood
The aim of this research paper is to compare the quality of education delivered at the undergraduate level in the public and private institutions of the Twin Cities (Islamabad and Rawalpindi) in Pakistan. Data is collected with the help of questionnaires from 246 students. The data was collected from three public and three private educational institutions of the Twin Cities, and the age of students ranged from 18 to 27 years. The research instrument used in this paper is the independent sample t-test to find the difference between the three private and three public educational institutions selected in Rawalpindi and Islamabad in terms of different variables that are very important in measuring the quality of education. For analysis, Levene’s test was adopted, which reflects the variations in educational quality with respect to academic staff availability in the twin cities. The differences in close supervision of students by academic staff between public and private sector educational institutions were also analysed, and the results reflected a difference between private and public educational institutions with respect to close supervision of students. The results also highlighted the factors that are involved in higher performance of students in private institutes as compared to that of students in public institutes. These factors can be implemented in the public sector to increase student performance.