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Saara Koikkalainen

Abstract

Europe is home to a globally unique area where the barriers of transnational migration have been largely removed. This article focuses on Finnish highly skilled, intra-European migrants and their labour market situation immediately following the economic crisis of 2008. Based on two consecutive online surveys (carried out in spring 2008 and summer 2010) of tertiary educated Finns living in other EU countries, the article examines the effects of the global economic downturn on the careers of these highly skilled migrants. Only 16 per cent of the respondents report that their labour market situation had worsened. A higher percentage (24%) felt that their situation had improved and the majority (54%) had either experienced no change in their situation or stated that their reasons for changing jobs or moving had nothing to do with the crisis. The article concludes that these migrants were protected from the full force of the crisis by their high human capital, flexibility of alternating between studying and work, employment in international workplaces and their intra-European migrant status.

Open access

Intra-European Migrants and the Question of Integration:

Citizenship In The Lives Of Finnish Migrants In Europe

Saara Koikkalainen

Abstract

Citizenship is defined in terms of national contexts, institutions, or practices. Apart from noting one’s membership in a certain polity, citizenship can be understood to have – at least – three meanings as follows: it can signify access, identification, and practice. This article examines these three dimensions based on the experiences of highly skilled Finns living in other European Union member states. Do they adopt the legal citizenship of the new country to gain access to legal and civic rights? Do they begin to identify with and assimilate to their new home country? Is citizenship played out in the everyday life as practice? The article concludes that thanks to European citizenship, all three interpretations are present at the same time.

Open access

Perttu Salmenhaara, Göran Ahrne, Saara Koikkalainen, Johanna Malmi, Heli Niemi, Heikki Kerkkänen and Tuomas Martikainen

Book reviews

Open access

Anna Virkama, Alexandros Sakellariou, Tobias Hübinette, Saara Koikkalainen and Saila Heinikoski

Open access

Arnfinn H Midtbøen, Nina Gren, MA Kaisa Nissi, Aleksandra Jolkina and Saara Koikkalainen