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  • Author: SI Vorobyev x
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Lifestyle Risk Factors in the Development of Kidney Cancer: A Russian Experience

Abstract

The objective of our study was the evaluation of major lifestyle risk factors for the development of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and the assessment of chances of developing this disease among inhabitants in the region, in the presence of and with combinations of the studied risk factors. Risk factors for developing RCC that are associated with lifestyle (smoking, obesity and hypertension) were observed in 500 patients with RCC aged 30-64 years who were investigated at the Krasnoyarsk Oncology Dispensary (study group) and 858 participants in the Krai (control group). The results of our study showed that smoking increases the risk of developing RCC 2.9 times and arterial hypertension 3.3 times in men; in women, obesity and hypertension increased these risks 2.6 and 3.2 times, respectively. All three risk factors were combined in 13.6% of men and in 8.4% of women with RCC. Our data may be useful for the prevention, development of screening programmes and early diagnosis of RCC.

Open access
Use of Perfluorocarbon Based Blood Substitute Perftoran in Correction of Hypoxia during Acute Anemia in Animals

Abstract

The cause of acute and severe hypoxia of the organism is acute posthemorrhagic anemia. To eliminate posthemorrhagic anemia in animals, the perfluorocarbon blood substitute Perftoran (Russia) with a gas-transporting function was used. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical effectiveness of the perfluorocarbon based blood substitute Perftoran with a gas-carrying function in acute posthemorrhagic anemia in animals and reveal possible side effect of the blood substitute and remove them. In the study conducted in the Clinic of Veterinary Medicine of Pushchino Research Center (Russia) participated 20 cats of both sexes, who were admitted with internal bleeding as a result of injuries. The animals were divided into two groups: the control and the treatment groups (10 per group). All animals with anemia were examined according to the standard scheme: anamnesis vitae and anamnesis morbi, physical examination (basic methods of research were used), additional methods that were used: complete blood count (CBC) and biochemical analysis of blood (BA), microscopy of blood smears, abdominal ultrasonography. Based on the obtained results, we can conclude that the use of the gas-carrying substitute for donor blood Perftoran in the treatment group of animals with posthemorrhagic anemia, which resulted from polytrauma, eliminated tissue hypoxia; the treatment of the animals in the control group with standard solutions (by infusing Stabisol) without gas transport correction led to the development of persistent hypoxia, which persisted to the stage of reticulocyte crisis.

Open access
Ubiquinone Plasma Levels are Correlated with Brain Natriuretic Peptide Plasma Levels in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure: The Potential of Coenzyme Q10 Combined Therapy

Abstract

Despite the association of a worse HF-related clinical status with lower CoQ10 levels, the prognostic use of CoQ10 is controversial. The aim of this study is to optimize pharmacotherapy for patients with ischaemic CHF, based on the clinical and functional parameters of the heart and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) plasma levels, which are correlated with the CoQ10 plasma levels, and to assess patient prognosis after receiving CoQ10 therapy. This prospective clinical study included 75 patients aged 56 to 63 years old with coronary heart disease (CHD) classified as class I–III according to the NYHA classification. After assessment of the clinical-instrumental characteristics of the CVD course (complaints, medical history, physical examination, a 6-minute walk test, echocardiography, and test for reactive hyperaemia), we determined the BNP level and CoQ10 plasma levels. At the same time, we assessed the efficacy of CoQ10 treatment (at a dose of 60 mg/per day) and tolerability in CVD-combined therapy during a follow-up of 12 weeks. CoQ10 supplementation in HF patients induced improvements in their functional cardiac parameters, such as the ejection fraction. Our results suggest that supplemental CoQ10 may be a useful option for effective management of heart failure and warrant future adequately powered randomized controlled trials of CoQ10 supplementation in patients with HF.

Open access