While revising the Western Palaearctic species of Tephritis, the synonymy is revealed as follows: T. conyzifoliae Merz, 1992 = T. academica Bassov & Tolstoguzova, 1994, syn. n. = T. nartshukovi Bassov & Tolstoguzova, 1994, syn. n. = T. epicrepis Shcherbakov, 2001, syn. n.Tephritis angustipennis (Loew, 1844) is shown to be the senior synonym of T. ptarmicae Hering, 1935, syn. n. Examination of the holotype Tephritis kukunoria Hendel, 1927 shows it to belong in Trupanea Schrank, 1795, and the following synonymy is established: Trupanea kukunoria (Hendel, 1927), comb. n. = Trupanea pterostigma Wang, 1996, syn. n. With new records from Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, T. conyzifoliae is shown to be a widespread species with distribution from West Europe to Siberia. T. angustipennis is recorded from Ukraine for the first time. Lectotypes of T. angustipennis (Loew, 1844) and T. ptarmicae Hering, 1935 are designated.
Tephritis heringinella sp. n. associated with Helichrysum sp. (Asteraceae) in Kyrgyzstan is described. The new species share shiny black abdominal tergites with species of Tephritis corolla-sauterina group and the species currently assigned to Heringina Aczél, differing from the Tephritis corolla-sauterina group by the details of wing pattern and from Heringina spp. also with the aculeus shape. Possible phylogenetic relationships of Tephritis heringinella and Heringina are discussed.
Tephritis tridentata S. Korneyev and Mohamadzade Namin, sp. n. reared from the flower heads of Jurinea baissunensis Iljin in South-Eastern Kazakhstan, Western Turkmenistan and Southern Iran is described. It is similar to T. bardanae Schrank, T. dilacerata Loew, T. formosa Loew, T. kovalevi V. Korneyev et Kameneva, T. valida Loew and T. zernyi Hering in the widely brown wing pattern with two dark spots at apices of veins R4+5 and M (instead of apical fork) and three spots (two large hyaline and one small yellowish ) in cell r1, differing from all known species by having three brown bar-like crossbands in the posterior half of the wing (diffusely spotted in compared species)
Tephritis campana sp. n. collected on flowerheads of Cirsium sp. in Iran is described. The new species significantly differs from other known species of the genus by having a combination of unique wing pattern and aculeus structure. A key to the Palaearctic species similar to Tephritis cometa Loew is given.
Thirty-one Tephritis species are recorded from Ukraine. Six species (T. brachyura Loew, T. conyzifoliae Merz, T. heliophila Hendel, T. mutabilis Merz, T. separata Rondani, T. tanaceti Hering, and T. valida Loew) are recorded for the first time from Ukraine; two species (T. crepidis Hendel and T. leontodontis De Geer) listed before without any references to material or locality are confirmed to occur in Ukraine, and two species on the list (T. conura Loew and T. hendeliana Hering) have not been confirmed yet by any available material, but possibly present in western and southern regions.
Based on previously unpublished specimens from the collection of I. I. Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology (Kyiv), all the species of the tribe Carpomyini known to occur in Europe and Asia westwards of the Caspian Sea and Afghanistan, are listed. The melon fruit fly, Carrpomya (Myiopardalis) pardalina (Bigot) is recorded for the first time from Ukraine and Europe, and Carpomya (s. str.) vesuviana () for continental Ukraine, based on collection material. Carpomya (Goniglossum) liat (), comb. n., is established as Goniglossum has not been adopted at the genus rank. New records and illustrated keys to species are given.
A species, previously known from a short description based on the holotype lost in the bombing of Hamburg before description, T. kogardtauica Hering, 1944, was collected recently in great numbers in the Middle East, from Iran to Kyrgyzstan; it is redescribed, and the neotype is designated. Th e flies were found to infest flower heads of Inula stenocalathia (Rech. f.) Soldano, I. peacockiana (Aitch. & Hemsl.) Korovin, and I. grandis Schrenk ex Fisch. & C. A. Mey.
As a result of studies on fruit flies in Iran during 2013-2015, two genera (Eurasimona Korneyev & White 1991 and Inuromaesa Korneyev & White 1991) and eight species: Eurasimona stigma (Loew, 1840) Inuromaesa maura (Frauenfeld, 1857), Myopites inulaedyssentericae Blot, 1827, Oxyna flavipennis (Loew, 1846), Terellia ermolenkoi Korneyev, 1985, T. odontolophi Korneyev 1993, T. pseudovirens (Hering, 1940), and Euleia kovalevi (Korneyev 1991), are recorded for the first time from Iran. The host plants, collection data as well as general distribution and diagnostic characters of them are given. Detailed illustrated redescription for T. ermolenkoi previously known from a unique holotype male is provided. The presence of Noeeta pupillata (Fallén, 1814) in the fauna of Iran is confirmed.
The Terellia virens group includes eight species of uniformly greenish flies with white setulose abdomens and hyaline wings, variable in the characters of the male and female terminalia. Three new species are described and illustrated: Terellia freidbergi sp. n. from Middle and Near East, from flower heads of Centaurea behen L., T. ivannikovi V. Korneyev et Evstigneev, sp. n. from European Russia, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, breeding in flower heads of Ce. chartolepis Greuter, and T. whitei V. Korneyev et Mohamadzade, sp. n. reared from flower heads of Cousinia spp. in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Iran. Illustrated diagnoses or redescriptions of other species and a key to the species of Terellia with hyaline wings and white setulose abdominal tergites are given.