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D. Kalisz and S. Rzadkosz

Abstract

The study was carried out computer simulations of the formation process of AlN precipitates in the solidification of steel. The chemical composition of steel and non-metallic inclusions formed was determined using the commercial software FactSage. Calculated amount of precipitates formed during cooling of steel between the liquidus and solidus temperatures under conditions of thermodynamic equilibrium. In parallel, the computations were performed using your own computer program. It was found that aluminum nitride is formed at the final stage of solidification, and the condition of its formation is low oxygen content in steel.

Open access

S. Rzadkosz, J. Kozana, A. Garbacz-Klempka and M. Piękoś

Abstract

The analysis of brasses regarding their microstructure, mechanical properties and ecological characteristics has been presented. The influence of characteristic alloying elements contained in the brasses and the possibilities of replacing them with other elements have been assessed. The paper contains the results of studies on the influence of chosen additional elements shaping the structure and properties of unleaded alloys based on Cu-Zn system as the matrix. The research aimed at determining the mechanism and the intensity of influence of such additives as tellurium and bismuth. The microstructures were investigated with the help of light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy with X-ray microanalysis (SEM-EDS) for determining significant changes of the properties.

Open access

Z. Kwak, S. Rzadkosz, A. Garbacz-Klempka, M. Perek-Nowak and W. Krok

Abstract

Currently there is a constant development in the field of aluminium alloys engineering. This results from, i.a., better understanding of the mechanisms that direct strengthening of these alloys and the role of microalloying. Now it is microalloying in aluminum alloys that is receiving a lot of attention. It affects substantially the macro- and microstructure and kinetics of phase transformation influencing the properties during production and its exploitation. 7xxx series aluminum alloys, based on the Al-Zn-Mg-Cu system, are high-strength alloys, moreover, the presence of Zr and Sr further increases their strength and improves resistance to cracking.

This study aims to present the changes of the properties, depending on the alloy chemical composition and the macro- and microstructure. Therefore, the characteristics in the field of hardness, tensile strength, yield strength and elongation are shown on selected examples. Observations were made on ingot samples obtained by semi-continuous casting, in the homogenized state.

Samples were prepared from aluminum alloys in accordance with PN-EN 573-3: 2013. The advantage of Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloys are undoubtedly good strength, Light-weight and resistance to corrosion. As widening of the already published studies it is sought to demonstrate the repeatability of the physical parameters in the whole volume of the sample.

Open access

S. Rzadkosz, A. Garbacz-Klempka, J. Kozana, M. Piękoś and M. Kranc

Abstract

The article presents the research results obtained at the Department of Foundry of Non-Ferrous Metals at the Foundry Faculty of AGH, the University of Science and Technology, in Krakow. The research comprises the processes connected with the technology of melting, refining and making casts based on copper matrix, both contemporary and historical, especially bronzes containing tin, zinc and lead. These issues are well-known but they still pose problems for contemporary foundries. The article presents the results of modifying formulas on the improvement of mechanical properties and limiting casting defects.

Open access

J. Augustyn-Pieniążek, H. Adrian, S. Rzadkosz and M. Choroszyński

Abstract

The high mechanical properties of the Al-Li-X alloys contribute to their increasingly broad application in aeronautics, as an alternative for the aluminium alloys, which have been used so far. The aluminium-lithium alloys have a lower specific gravity, a higher nucleation and crack spread resistance, a higher Young’s module and they characterize in a high crack resistance at lower temperatures. The aim of the research planned in this work was to design an aluminium alloy with a content of lithium and other alloy elements. The research included the creation of a laboratorial melt, the microstructure analysis with the use of light microscopy, the application of X-ray methods to identify the phases existing in the alloy, and the microhardness test.