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  • Author: S. Lazarov x
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Congenital heart abnormalities are rare and most often occur separately. These structural and functional disorders can cause a range of diseases that vary in severity, from mild or even asymptomatic to severe and life-threatening. Occasionally these conditions could cause no symptoms in which case they are found accidentally when the patient is examined for other reasons or during autopsy. In this article we present the case of a 47-year-old male patient with triple congenital heart anomaly detected in two consecutive tests performed in pre-hospital medical care.


The reaction of anti-sperm antibody-positive sera from infertile women with fractionated mouse ovarian antigens was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Antigens were obtained by extraction for nuclear matrix and intermediate filaments (NM-IF) producing three protein fractions – soluble, cytoskeletal and NM-IF. The results showed that sera from some infertile patients, but not control sera, react with either the soluble fraction or the NM-IF fraction. The reaction with soluble proteins was most likely directed against surface antigens, possibly aggravating the fertility problems, while the anti-NM-IF antibodies could indicate release of insoluble intracellular components by tissue damage of unknown origin.