Geometric Morphometric Study on Geographic Dimorphism of Coding Moth Cydia Pomonella (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) from North West of Iran
During years 2003-2004, nine geographical populations of codling moth Cydia pomonella (Linnaeus) from 4 north western provinces of Iran were collected. By preparing 575 images from fore wings and 564 from hind wings, a total of 15 and 11 landmarks were determined for fore and hind wings, respectively. With transforming of landmark's geometrical data into partial warp scores, 26 and 18 scores were obtained for fore and hind wings, respectively. Canonical correlation analysis (CCA) revealed significant correlation between environmental parameters and wing shape variables. Among environmental parameters, wind speed showed the highest correlation with wing shape variables whereas, the correlation between latitude, relative humidity as well as amount of precipitation and wing shape variables was low. Considering the effect of various environmental parameters on wing shape, wind speed was determined as important parameter affecting geographic dimorphism. Among the populations collected from different regions, two geographic population pairs; Meshkinshahr-Mahneshan and Zandjan-Khoramdareh were selected as representative of low and high windy regions, respectively. Relative warp analysis (RWA) of fore and hind wings shape variables in the areas with high and low wind showed shorter and wider fore wings as well as slender and narrower hind wings in populations from high windy regions compared with populations from low wind regions. Centroid size of fore and hind wings in high windy area populations were smaller compared with those from low windy ones as revealed by t-test. The results showed aerodynamic shape and small size of wings are as adapted traits for powerful flight and its control in high windy regions.
The soldier flies of the genera Nemotelus Geoffroy, 1762 and Oxycera Meigen, 1803 collected in the Arasbaran forests (northwestern of Iran) during 2009-2012. A total of nine species were collected of which eight species [Nemotelus rudifranci (Berezovsky, Nartshuk. 1993); N. nigrinus Fallen, 1817; N. notatus Zetterstedt, 1842; N. pantherinus (Linnaeus, 1758); Oxycera fallenii Staeger, 1844; O. meigenii Staeger, 1844; O. notata Loew, 1873; O. trilineata (Linnaeus, 1767)] are recorded for the first time from Iran. Data on the geographical distribution of these species with figures are provided
A New Species of Chyliza (Diptera, Psilidae) from Iran. Khaghaninia, S., Gharajedaghi, Ya. — Chyliza (Dasyna) qaradaghi from Iran (type locality: Qaradagh Forests (Qala Deresi), East Azerbaijan Province) is described. C. qaradaghi Khaghaninia et Gharajedaghi, sp. n. is similar to Chyliza (Dasyna) extenuata (Rossi, 1790) in having arista thickened in basal third with dense black hairs and lacking anteroventral comb of black spinules on male fore tibia. New species differs from C. extenuata by head yellow, only occiput partly black and hind tibia largely black; C. extenuata has head completely black and hind tibia yellow. Both species differ also by the shape of male genitalia.
Based on material collected in East Azerbaijan Province during 2009-2012, 15 species belonging to 11 genera of the family Sciomyzidae are recorded. Two species, Euthycera sticticaria (Mayer, 1953) and Tetanocera arrogans Meigen, 1830, are recorded for the first time from Iran. Biology and distribution of all species are provided. Also a key to Coremacera Rondani, 1856 species in Middle East and central Asia is provided.
As a result of studies on fruit flies in Iran during 2013-2015, two genera (Eurasimona Korneyev & White 1991 and Inuromaesa Korneyev & White 1991) and eight species: Eurasimona stigma (Loew, 1840) Inuromaesa maura (Frauenfeld, 1857), Myopites inulaedyssentericae Blot, 1827, Oxyna flavipennis (Loew, 1846), Terellia ermolenkoi Korneyev, 1985, T. odontolophi Korneyev 1993, T. pseudovirens (Hering, 1940), and Euleia kovalevi (Korneyev 1991), are recorded for the first time from Iran. The host plants, collection data as well as general distribution and diagnostic characters of them are given. Detailed illustrated redescription for T. ermolenkoi previously known from a unique holotype male is provided. The presence of Noeeta pupillata (Fallén, 1814) in the fauna of Iran is confirmed.