Large number of mechanical and chemical surface pretreatment techniques is actually used on steels in industrial practice. Choosing the right combination of these technologies is one of the most important tasks for many applications. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the influence of selected mechanical surface preparation methods (grinding, sandblasting) on the quality and electrochemical corrosion characteristics of S355J2 steel before and after the final chemical surface treatment by the technology of manganese phosphating. The surface morphology of the formed phosphate layer was evaluated by a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the cross section analysis was performed by a light metallographic microscopy. 0.1M Na2SO4 solution simulating aggressive industrial pollution was selected for electrochemical corrosion tests. Impact evaluation of various mechanical and chemical surface treatments on the corrosion properties of the tested steel was realized by potentiodynamic polarization tests (PD) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) using the Tafel analysis and equivalent circuits method respectively. The obtained results proved that sandblasting negatively affected the corrosion resistance of S355J2 steel and subsequently created manganese phosphate layer.
Magnesium based alloys are very promising material to be used mainly for biodegradable implants in medical applications. However, due to their very low corrosion resistance in the environment of in vivo is their use limited. Increase of the corrosion resistance of magnesium alloys in vivo can be achieved, for example, by a suitable choice of surface treatment while the biocompatibility must be ensured. Fluoride conversion coatings meet these requirements. Unconventional fluoride conversion coating was prepared on ZE41 magnesium alloy by dipping the magnesium alloy into the Na[BF4] salt melt at 450 °C for 0.5; 2 and 8 h. The morphology and thickness of the prepared fluoride conversion coatings were investigated as well as the corrosion resistance of the treated and untreated ZE41 magnesium alloy specimens. The corrosion resistance of the untreated and treated ZE41 magnesium alloy was investigated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy in the environment of the simulated body fluids at 37 ± 2 °C. The obtained results showed a positive influence of the fluoride conversion coating on the corrosion resistance of the ZE41 magnesium alloy.
Magnesium and its alloys are perspective bio-degradable materials used mainly due to their mechanical properties similar to those of mammal bones. Potential problems in utilization of magnesium alloys as bio-materials may relate to their rapid degradation which is associated with resorption problems and intensive hydrogen evolution. These problems can be eliminated by magnesium alloys surface treatment. Therefore, this work aims with analysis of the influence of fluoride conversion coating on corrosion characteristics of magnesium alloy. Unconventional technique by insertion of wrought magnesium alloy AZ61 into molten Na[BF4] salt at temperature of 450 °C at different treatment times was used for fluoride conversion coating preparation. The consequent effect of the coating on magnesium alloy corrosion was analyzed by means of linear polarization in simulated body fluid solution at 37 ± 2 °C. The obtained results prove that this method radically improve corrosion resistance of wrought AZ61magnesium alloy even in the case of short time of coating preparation.
The actual industrial trend is focused on weight reduction of constructions while preserving strength properties. For this purpose, conventional steel are replaced by high strength steels.. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of mechanical surface pre-treatment on corrosion resistance of high strength low alloy steel Domex 700 before and after surface treatment by manganese phosphating. Tested environment was 0,1M NaCl solution. Evaluation of mechanical pre-treatment and phosphating effects on corrosion resistance was realized by electrochemical measurements: potentiodynamic polarization measurements (Tafel analysis) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (equivalent circuits). From resulsts it is possible to conclude, that creation of manganese phosphate layer on ground and shot peened steel surface significantly increases the corrosion resistance of Domex 700 steel.
The main advantage of magnesium and its alloys is high specific strength and biocompatibility. A modern approach to magnesium-based materials preparation is powder metallurgy. This technique allows preparation of new materials with a unique structure, chemical composition, and controlled porosity. In this study, cold compaction of magnesium powder was studied. Magnesium powder of average particle size of 30 μm was compacted applying pressures of 100 MPa, 200 MPa, 300 MPa, 400 MPa and 500 MPa at laboratory temperature. Influence of compacting pressure was studied with microstructural and electrochemical corrosion characteristics analysis. The resulting microstructure was studied in terms of light and electron microscopy. Obtained electrochemical characteristics were compared with those of wrought magnesium. Compacting pressure had a significant influence on microstructure and electrochemical characteristics of prepared bulk magnesium. With the increase in compaction pressure, the porosity decreased. Compacting pressures of 300 MPa, 400 MPa and 500 MPa led to the similar microstructure of the prepared material. Polarization resistance of compacted magnesium was much lower and samples degraded faster when compared to wrought magnesium. Also, the corrosion degradation mechanism changed due to the microstructural differences between the material states.
Corrosion behavior of wrought magnesium alloys AZ31 and AZ61 was studied in Hank’s solution. Potentiodynamic curves measured after short-term of exposure showed higher corrosion resistance of AZ31 magnesium alloy in comparison with AZ61 magnesium alloy. On the contrary, long-term tests measured by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy showed higher corrosion resistance of AZ61 magnesium alloy in comparison with AZ31 magnesium alloy.