F. Pastorek, K. Borko, S. Dundeková, S. Fintová and B. Hadzima
Large number of mechanical and chemical surface pretreatment techniques is actually used on steels in industrial practice. Choosing the right combination of these technologies is one of the most important tasks for many applications. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the influence of selected mechanical surface preparation methods (grinding, sandblasting) on the quality and electrochemical corrosion characteristics of S355J2 steel before and after the final chemical surface treatment by the technology of manganese phosphating. The surface morphology of the formed phosphate layer was evaluated by a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the cross section analysis was performed by a light metallographic microscopy. 0.1M Na2SO4 solution simulating aggressive industrial pollution was selected for electrochemical corrosion tests. Impact evaluation of various mechanical and chemical surface treatments on the corrosion properties of the tested steel was realized by potentiodynamic polarization tests (PD) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) using the Tafel analysis and equivalent circuits method respectively. The obtained results proved that sandblasting negatively affected the corrosion resistance of S355J2 steel and subsequently created manganese phosphate layer.
M. Lovíšek, T. Liptáková, J. Bronček and S. Dundeková
Tribological properties of Al-brass pipes of various producers were studied in different environments. The tested brasses have very similar chemical composition, but they differ in microstructure due to mainly by heat treatment after cold drawing. Microstructure as well as roughness of surface influence chemical and mechanical properties which are important in operating conditions. The experiments of tribological behavior were made in various environments, dry air, cooling treated water and 3.5 % solution of NaCl at room temperature 21 ± 2°C. The tribological tests were carried out on the Linear Tribometer at normal loading 5 N by the method ball on plate for the duration of 5500 s. The measured friction coefficients were evaluated by the program DIAdem and the diagrams were created from signal generated by software NSignal Express