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Urszula Kosior-Korzecka, Krzysztof Patkowski, Ryszard Bobowiec, Marta Wójcik and Elżbieta Tusińska

Abstract

The aim of the study was to analyse the effects of maternal obesity and the litter size on the growth rate and plasma concentrations of GH, IGF-1, insulin, and glucose in ewe lambs during the first 6 weeks of their postnatal life. Seventy-six SCP sheep: 35 ewes and 41 female offspring were used. Before gestation, the ewes were divided into two groups: N - normally weighing and O - obese sheep. After the parturition, the lambing rate and the birth type were estimated. The born female lambs were separated into five groups: IN - singleton and IIN - twin offspring of normally weighing mothers; IO - singleton, IIO - twin and IIIO - triplet offspring of obese mothers. They were weighed at birth and weekly thereafter, until the completion of the 6th week of their postnatal life. Afterward, daily weight gains and concentrations of biochemical parameters were analysed. No significant differences in GH, IGF-1, insulin, and glucose levels between the groups of lambs born to non-obese and obese sheep, both carrying singletons and twins, were found. In contrast, significantly increased concentrations of GH (P≤0.001), insulin (P≤0.001), and glucose (P≤0.05) and markedly dropped level of IGF-1 (P≤0.001), as well as reduced daily body mass gains in triplets in comparison to other groups of lambs were observed. Maternal obesity caused significant lambing rate’s accretion with the rise in triplets’ frequency. However, in ewe lambs of this birth type, the disrupted relationships between plasma levels of GH, IGF-1 and growth rate, and between plasma levels of insulin and glucose were found.

Open access

Joanna Wessely-Szponder, Tomasz Szponder, Ryszard Bobowiec and Joanna Michalska

Abstract

Introduction: Antimicrobial peptides (AMP) are a large group of innate immune effectors, which apart from antimicrobial activity show immunomodulative properties. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a source of autologous growth factors and is used for stimulation of bone and soft tissue healing. The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of PRP and AMP extract on ovine monocyte-derived macrophage cultures. Material and Methods: The study was conducted on ovine macrophages (Mfs) previously stimulated with LPS or dexamethasone and then with preparations of PRP or AMP. Following activation of the Mfs their morphological and functional features were assessed. Results: The study revealed pro-inflammatory influence of both examined preparations on Mfs cultures on the basis of morphology, ROS generation and arginase activity. Both preparations enhanced the pro-inflammatory response of cultured Mfs. Conclusion: This activity may intensify the antimicrobial action of Mfs, however, in cases of excessive and prolonged inflammation the use of these preparations should be limited.

Open access

Joanna Wessely-Szponder and Ryszard Bobowiec

Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess the influence of the oestrous cycle phase on neutrophil secretory activity and to extrapolate it to susceptibility to uterine infections. The obtained results indicate that the highest enzyme release seen in the late follicular phase (elastase release was 42.18 ±3.11% of maximal release, myeloperoxidase was 45.0 ±5.12%, and alkaline phosphatase was 44.75 ±9.0%) was related to the level of 17β-oestradiol in plasma. Similarly, a free radical generation was also the most enhanced during this phase. Significantly lower values were obtained from sows during the luteal phase in regard to both enzyme release (36.62 ±3.58% for elastase, 27.87 ±8.7% for myeloperoxidase, and 22.12 ±2.4% for alkaline phosphatase), and that of free radicals (2.28 1.6 μM/106 cells for nitric oxide and 2.47 0.6 nM/106 cells for superoxide).