The mining industry in Serbia has an important place in the country's economic development. Bearing in mind that the number of injuries that occur in the mining industry is unacceptably high, occupational safety and health is a challenge that existing and future mines will have to deal with. Studying injuries in mining, it was noticed that injuries requiring an absence from work for more than three days (especially fatal ones) are diametrically different in relation to the cause and manner of events related to injuries for which an absence from work is not necessary. In this research, authors focused on injuries that were characterized as ones requiring an absence from work. The statistical analysis of work-related injuries in mining is presented, as well as analysis of the direct causes of injuries, which are described as unsafe conduct of employees, unsafe conduct of company's management and/or unsafe working environment. In relation to classification of causes of injuries, a recommendation on what needs to be changed in order to remedy this situation in Serbia is given.
In this paper it is analyzed the welded T-joint exposed to the axial tensile force and the bending moment, for determining the impact of the weld geometry on the fracture mechanics parameters. The stress intensity factor was calculated analytically, based on the concept of the linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM), by application of the Mathematica® programming routine. The presence of the weld was taken into account through the corresponding correction factors. The results show that increase of the size of the triangular welds leads to decrease of the stress intensity factor, while the SIF increases with increase of the welds’ width. The ratio of the two welded plates’ thicknesses shows that plate thicknesses do not exhibit significant influence on the stress intensity factor behavior.
The analysis of influence of factors that depend on construction characteristics of the vibrosieves with circular vibrations on screening efficiency is presented in this paper. The dependence of the screening efficiency on the aperture size, length and inclination of the screen, as well as on vibration amplitude, is considered. Based on obtained results, one can see that the screening efficiency increases with vibration amplitude and the screen length increase. Further, increases of the screen inclination and aperture size are causing an initial increase of the screening efficiency, which is later decreasing.
Calculation of the thermal dynamic properties of the multi-layer wall isolation of residential buildings is presented in this paper. Taking into account that the final objective is to create a building with the highest energy efficiency ratio, i.e. with the lowest energy consumption, both for heating and cooling, it is necessary to realize the good thermal characteristics of the multi-layer wall. To obtain the optimal solution for the wall's structure, various wall structures with different thicknesses of the individual layers, were analyzed. Based on results, presented in this paper, one can conclude that for walls with the same total thickness, but various thicknesses of the individual layers, that constitute the complete wall structure, the differences appear in the delay of the change of the walls outside temperature. In that way, by varying those individual layers' thicknesses, one can obtain the optimal solution for the wall structure with the highest savings of energy.
The sandwich structures have multifold advantages with respect to other types of structures. Besides the architectural possibilities due to their appearance, those structures can carry the same or even higher loads than some other similar structures. Optimization of the sandwich columns with the truss core, subjected to the compressive axial load, is presented in this paper. The two types of optimization were performed: the three-parameter and the four-parameter optimization - the so called full optimization. The optimization of the column geometry (face thickness, core member height and core member diameter and core height) was performed, from the aspect of the minimal weight of the structure in terms of the load index. It was performed for four types of restrictions imposed by the corresponding column failure modes: column buckling, truss macro-buckling, local buckling of the face and face wrinkling. The tree-parameter optimization resulted in somewhat larger weight of the column than the full, four-parameter optimization.
Thermal fracture characteristics – the thermal energy release rate and thermal stress intensity factor of a semi-infinite crack at an interface between the two elastic isotropic materials, subjected to the temperature variations, are considered in this paper. Those characteristics are determined based on application of the linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) concept. Expressions for obtained theoretical solutions are compared to solutions from literature and they are found to be more concise. Influence of the materials change on these two thermal fracture properties were observed, as well as the influence of the thickness ratio of the two layers constituting the interface.
Hybrid materials with the metal matrix are important engineering materials due to their outstanding mechanical and tribological properties. Here are presented selected tribological properties of the hybrid composites with the matrix made of aluminum alloy and reinforced by the silicon carbide and graphite particles. The tribological characteristics of such materials are superior to characteristics of the matrix – the aluminum alloy, as well as to characteristics of the classical metal-matrix composites with a single reinforcing material. Those characteristics depend on the volume fractions of the reinforcing components, sizes of the reinforcing particles, as well as on the fabrication process of the hybrid composites. The considered tribological characteristics are the friction coefficient and the wear rate as functions of the load levels and the volume fractions of the graphite and the SiC particles. The wear rate increases with increase of the load and the Gr particles content and with reduction of the SiC particles content. The friction coefficient increases with the load, as well as with the SiC particles content increase.