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  • Author: Renata Paluszkiewicz x
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Lithofacies-genetic characteristics of sedimentary basins in the foreland of the Pomeranian Stage in the Drawsko Lakeland (northern Poland)

The research carried out in the years 1995-98 in the area of the Złocieniec proglacial lake inclined its authors to take a broader view of the operation of proglacial basins in the Drawsko Lakeland (Paluszkiewicz 2004). Glaciolacustrine deposits in the studied lakeland area were discovered by Maksiak and Mróz in 1978. Until that time, the varved deposits at Złocieniec had not been subjected to lithological analysis. The more detailed studies conducted by the present authors in the years 2006-2007 at both Złocieniec and Wierzchowo sites with the help of geo-engineering methods allowed them to show that the two sites with varved clays in this region should be treated as separate sedimentary basins. The basins differ in thickness of varved deposits, in size, and processes responsible for the formation of the rhythmically stratified series.

Erosional-denudational valleys and their significance for the reconstruction of the Late Glacial environmental conditions (The Drawsko Lakeland, NW Poland)

The article presents the morphological-lithological development and operation of dry erosional-denudational valleys located on morainic uplands in the Drawsko Lakeland. A detailed research was carried out on the morainic upland of the Buślarka and Piaski Pomorskie area. A geodetic study made it possible to identify over ten NW-SE and N-S oriented erosional-denudational valleys, clearly marked in the relief. They are small landforms: their length does not exceed 100 m, and the depth of incision reaches 4 m. Their exact morphometric description with the help of GIS methods and a detailed study of lithofacies characteristics of their deposits provided an insight into their operation. They follow a Late Glacial pattern in which Late Vistulian erosion only rejuvenated the already existing older forms.

The evolution of a Weichselian proglacial lake in NW Poland as revealed by static penetration tests

The lithology, structure and geophysical characteristics of the glaciolacustrine clays deposited in the Wierzchowo proglacial lake were determined using static penetration tests (CPTU) in combination with standard lithological measurements. The deposits are divided into four lithological units (R1 to R4) on the basis of overconsolidation. Units R3 and R4 are separated by mass-flow deposits.

The depositional conditions history of the lake result represent four phases: (1) an initial (low-energy) phase with the deposition of the rhythmically laminated sediments of units R1 and R2, which are divided by an erosional interval; (2) a phase of non-deposition with some desiccation structures and extended consolidation of sediments; (3) the main phase characterised by deposition of the rhythmically laminated sediments of unit R3; and finally, (4) the youngest phase, which represents alternations of deposition and erosion. The results show that sedimentation in the Wierzchowo proglacial lake was less continuous, and that the depositional processes were more complex than in the neighboring Złocieniec glacial lake.

Abstract

the aim of this article is the description of lithofacies characteristics of sediments forming the north-east part of the morainic upland edge zone in the vicinity of Piaski Pomorskie (west Pomerania). the paper undertake also an attempt to reconstruct paleogeographical conditions of the formation of moranic uppland edge. The diversification of glaciofluvial and fluvial processes during the phase of stagnation and recession of uppervistulian ice-sheet in the vicinity of Piaski Pomorskie (western Pomerania) led to the formation of a morainic upland edge distinctly marked in morphology The edge zone separates the undulating moraine plateau from a lower situated Dębnica River Valley. This area is mostly formed by fine-grained sands with occasional layers of a coarser fraction of gravel and coarse- and medium-grained sands. The observed type of low-angle cross-stratification and trough cross-stratification indicates the dominance of diversified energy depositional environment with considerable power of water as transporting medium. the research area was formed at the front of the ice-sheet, which receded from the nearby reach of the Pomeranian Phase of the weichselian glaciation.

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present the stages of development of an alluvial cone as an indication of change in natural environment conditions. a detailed research was conducted within the upland regions of Drawsko Lakeland. At the valley mouth of one of the erosional-denudational valleys an alluvial cone in question splays out. The imparity between the capacity of the erosional-denudational valley and the capacity of the alluvial cone indicates that the main stage of erosion had taken place before the cone’s deposition. During the beginning stage the material acquired from the dissection was most likely delivered directly to the channel of Dębnica river and was incorporated in the fluvial transport. The cone was formed during the later stage. The results of the radiocarbon analyses reveal that the formation of the alluvial cone and the valley associated with the cone took place during the Subatlantic. It was also estimated that the cone aggraded with the rate of approximately 3,9 mm per year