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Ramin Saravani, Zahra Irani and Hamid Reza Galavi

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a chronic disorder with different genetics and environmental factors. It is one of growing diseases in the world. Previous studies show association between Transcription Factor 7 Like2 (TCF7L2) and T2D. The current study set to evaluate the relation between TCF7L2 polymorphisms and T2D in Southeast Iran. The present case-control study was done on 250 T2D and 250 healthy controls (HCs). For genotyping polymorphisms TCF7L2 (rs11196205) and (rs4132670) Amplification-Refractory Mutation System-Polymers Chain Reaction (ARMS-PCR) was used. The results showed frequency rates of GC and CC genotypes increased in patients compared to controls (31% vs. 6% and 55% vs. 8%, respectively), showing a statistically significant difference (OR=2.67(1.37-5.21), P<0.05 and OR=3.31(1.92-5.71), P< 0.05, respectively). The C allele was associated with an increased risk of T2D, with the frequency of 28% and 11% in patients and controls, respectively (OR=3.11 (2.22-4.37), P< 0.05). Another Polymorphism of this gene TCF7L2 (rs4132670) was not associated with T2D. Furthermore, the haplotype analysis revealed that rs11196205C/rs4132670C and rs11196205C/rs4132670T are risk factors against T2D (OR=2.08 (1.49-2.86, P<0.05 and OR=1.72 (1.06-2.78) P<0.05, respectively). The findings demonstrated that TCF7L2 (rs11196205) genotypes GC, CC, and allele (C) confer risk for susceptibility to T2D.

Open access

Ramin Saravani, Elahe Esmaeilzaei, Nafiseh Noorzehi and Hamid Reza Galavi

Abstract

Melatonin has an important role in the regulation of human sleep circadian rhythms. Sleep disturbances commonly exist in schizophrenia (SCZ) patients. To begin its performance, melatonin must interact to its receptor. In the present study, Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) of melatonin receptor gene 1 B (MTN1B) with SCZ development in Iranian population were investigated. The current case-control study was performed on 92 SCZ patients and 92 healthy control (HC) subjects. NESTED-PCR and ARMS-PCR modified methods (combination) and ARMSPCR method were used on the genotype. The impact of MTN1B rs3781637 (T/C) and rs10830963(C/G) polymorphism variants on the risk SCZ in the sample of Iranian population was investigated. The findings showed significant association between MTN1B rs10830963(C/G) variant and SCZ (OR=2.78, 95%CI=1.25-6.25, P=0.012, GG vs. CC, OR=1.66, 95%CI=1.09-2.51, P=0.021 G vs. C, OR=3.85 95%CI=.89-8.33, P<0.0001, GG vs. CC+CG). There was no association between MTN1B rs3781637 (T/C) and SCZ risk. In addition, haplotype analysis revealed that TG and CC haplotype of rs3781637 (T/C) and rs10830963 (C/G) polymorphisms were associated with SCZ risk (P=0.039) and protective (P<0.0001) effects, respectively. The findings revealed that MTN1B rs10830963 (C/G) polymorphism was associated with the risk of SCZ; while another SNP rs3781637 (T/C) MTN1B gene did not show any risk/protection association with SCZ. Further studies with larger sample sizes and different ethnicities are required to approve the results.