Competencies of employees and competence management are elements fairly well described in the literature. A modern approach to these issues, however, must have a broader than traditional character. This follows the significant changes that took place in management sciences expressed by an increased role of intangible assets. Intellectual capital, its components, connections with enterprise resources and elements of the environment are an important aspects of the strategic considerations undertaken by management staff in modern enterprises. Competences - which are specific expression of the potential of employees, their ability to detect changes and finding solutions - in this new context become even more important. This study attempts to analyze the selected relationships between the competency management system, intellectual capital and the attitude to IC of management staff.
Proper, effective knowledge management is possible only through the implementation of mechanisms and systems tailored to the specifics of the company’s operations and the nature and quantity of its resources. Drawing from the experience of others is advisable, however, to some extent difficult due to the specific uniqueness of many elements of knowledge management in enterprises resulting, for example, from the size of the organization. The study attempts to identify characteristic features of the solutions used in Poland, depending on the size of the enterprise and the nature of its activities. The survey used a questionnaire, which was addressed to the representatives of the top management of 105 enterprises. Based on the obtained results, the characteristics of the identified phenomena and trends were characterized and the limitations of the conducted study were indicated.
Intellectual capital is an important issue of currently undertaken studies in the field of enterprise organization and management.. The introduction of this concept has undoubtedly opened up new prospects for enterprises to perceive their business activity and building market advantages. At the same time, however, it has given rise to many new problems associated with the hard-todetermine nature of intellectual capital and its internal and external relationships and dependencies. An attempt has been made in the article to analyze problems related to the dissemination of the concept of intellectual capital, and its practical use, and to assess the state of the intellectual capital components in the surveyed entities.
Market activity for today’s enterprises means continuing work to better understand the needs of their customers to provide them higher level of satisfaction. Building market advantages using a traditional approach based on material resources becoming less and less likely to increase competitiveness over the long term. The ability to use intangible assets, often more difficult to identify and manage, is becoming a key issue. Proper management of intangible assets can provide the company with unique market advantages that are unique, durable, and difficult to imitate. This study attempts to characterize selected dependencies between the nature of the actions undertaken by enterprises in relation to intellectual capital in the context of the strength of the level of competition in the market.
Integrated management systems are increasingly used in modern enterprises. They allow for a more comprehensive approach to a number of important issues, affecting the modification of activities and process improvement. However, the integration itself often does not provide the right effects (apart from economic ones) without leading to real, multifaceted coupling of activities between the components of the system. To obtain such effects, it is necessary to connect the components in one system. Knowledge management can be a helpful element in this activity. Each component of the integrated management systems generates a large number of data and information. Their use is possible only by building on their basis knowledge leading to improvement of activities or innovation. The use of knowledge, especially hidden knowledge that contains unique and inaccessible knowledge for competitors, should be a priority for today's enterprises. The study presents considerations regarding the possibility of including knowledge management in integrated management systems, treating knowledge as a basic element connecting the system.
The creation, dissemination and use of knowledge depends on many factors related to both the specificity of the enterprise, the type of organizational solution, the style of human resource management used, the potential of employees and, above all, the ability of the company to use this potential. From the point of view of efficiency of acquiring, disseminating and using knowledge in the enterprise, human resources management is of key importance. Methods and techniques used in this area should be thoroughly analyzed and critically evaluated in terms of their relevance and real positive impact on knowledge management. This study attempts to analyze selected issues related to the company’s management style, the existing variant of the organizational structure and the general assumptions of the knowledge management system. The main goal of the study was to identify trends and dependencies between these factors in the context of knowledge management effectiveness. The study used a questionnaire consisting of 63 questions. In individual companies the questionnaire was each time filled in by the representative of the company’s top management. The study presents a part of the examined issues directly related to the indicated topic based on data obtained from 105 enterprises.
Rafał Prusak, Zbigniew Skuza, Marek Kurtyka and Zbigniew Rembiesa
Reduction of CO2 emissions in Poland (excluding transport) should be related to a change in the structure of electricity production sources. Similar actions have been taken by many European countries. In 2017, in the European Union’s power industry, the largest emitters were dominated by coal-fired power plants in Germany (seven power plants). However, the leader of this ranking turned out to be the Belchatów power plant owned by the Polish Energy Group (PGE). Renewable energy is energy obtained from natural processes. It should be obtained in a way that would not cause a deficit of natural resources (renewed in a short time) to have a limited impact on the environment. The purpose of promoting and using renewable energy sources (RES) is to reduce the harmful effects of energy on the natural environment, primarily by limiting greenhouse gas emissions (water vapour, CO2, CH4, CFC, N2O, halon, ozone and industrial gases HFC, PFC, SF6). Biomass is the most widely used renewable energy source currently used. The study of the literature and comparison of the set parameters for different types of biomass in the given order shows that Virginia mallow has the highest usefulness for energy purposes. Considering the fact that both cashew and coconut (shells) cannot be grown due to the climate prevailing in Poland, Virginia mallow seems to be the best alternative for traditional fuels used in the energy sector in the analysed group. Virginia mallow has competitive properties to wood biomass and hard coal only significantly supercedes in terms of calorific value. The energy properties of Virginia mallow can additionally be improved as a result of the torrefaction process. In addition, in the literature on the subject, attention is paid to the fact that mallow may be grown on less-favoured soils and the process of its collection – in contrast to other such plants – does not require the use of specialized agricultural machinery.
Simona Jursova, Stanislav Honus, Pavlina Pustejovska and Rafal Prusak
The paper deals with possibilities of low carbon technology application in metallurgy. It sums up the world wide experience with them and presents possibilities of their application in metallurgical production in view of carbon dioxide emission responsible for greenhouse effect and global warming of the Earth. It summarizes research projects in this field and presents the results and conclusion resulting from them. It is aimed at the possibilities of low carbon application in sinter and subsequently in blast furnace process. It presents research on reducibility of metallurgical ekosinter produced with share of biomass in comparison with sample of industrial one. It describes the testing methodology carried out in accordance with ISO 4695:2007. The samples were tested in reduction atmosphere created by 40% CO2 and 60% N2 simulating conditions in blast furnace aggregate at temperature 950°C. The obtained results confirmed better reducibility rate of ekosinter which reached the reduction index (dR/dt) 1.15, in comparison with industrial sinter of reduction index 0.83.