Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 3 of 3 items for

  • Author: R. Sotníková x
Clear All Modify Search
Open access

B. Kaprinay, I. Bernatova and R. Sotnikova

Abstract

The aim of the work was to study the effect of chronic social stress induced by increased population density, “crowding stress” on blood pressure and endothelial function of arteries of male normotensive Wistar and spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) rats. Based on the results, we assume that social stress-induced reduction in endothelium-dependent relaxation and increased blood pressure of SHR rats is most likely associated with decreased bioavailability of nitric oxide.

Open access

B. Kaprinay, Z. Gáspárová, B. Lipták, K. Frimmel and R. Sotníková

Abstract

The aim of the work was to find an experimental model suitable for the study of endothelial dysfunction induced by MS. We used hypertriglyceridemic rats (HTG) that were fed a hypercholesterolemic diet of different composition and duration: a 6-week administration of standard diet with an addition of cholesterol and fat (HTGChol) and a three-month administration of the same diet with an addition of fructose (HTGCholF). We investigated the effect of different diets on aortic endothelial function. The standard diet fed Wistar (W) and HTG rats served as controls. Decision for addition of fructose to HTGChol was done based on in vitro experiments evaluating the effect of high concentration of saccharide in the incubation solution on aortic endothelial function. This intervention caused significant deterioration of relaxation induced by acetylcholine (ACh). While in HTGChol, we did not find significant differences in the function of the aorta compared to W or HTG rats, adding of fructose to high fat diet and prolonging its administration resulted in significantly impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation. It seems that such a model is suitable for the study of endothelial dysfunction in MS and the effect of substances that may protect the endothelium.

Open access

D. Micháliková, B. Tyukos Kaprinay, B. Lipták, K. Švík, L. Slovák, R. Sotníková, Š. Bezek and Z. Gáspárová

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine pharmacological possibilities of influencing the risk factors of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Hypertriacylglycerolemic (HTG) rats fed with high-fat-fructose diet (HFFD) were used as a model of the MetS. Wistar rats fed with standard diet were used as negative control group. HTG rats fed with HFFD for 8 weeks were used as positive control group. The effects of atorvastatin and SMe1EC2 were tested. The compounds were administered to the HTG rats after 5 weeks of HFFD, once a day for 3 weeks. After 8 weeks, the blood serum lipid profile and electrophysiology of neurotransmission in hippocampal sections were evaluated in vitro. SMe1EC2 and atorvastatin had a significant effect on total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-cholesterol) and atorvastatin had a significant effect on triacylglycerols (TGs). SMe1EC2 improved the long-term potentiation (LTP) course in the hippocampus.