A total of 200 fishes belonging to nine species were sampled from the Sea of Marmara. Thirteen trematode species were recorded in the intestine of these hosts: Helicometra fasciata and Diphterostomum brusinae in Zosterisessor ophiocephalus; Monascus filiformis in Trachurus trachurus; Dicrogaster purpusilla, Schikhobalotrema sparisomae and Sacccocoelium obesum in Liza saliens; Macvicaria alacris, H. fasciata and Gaevskajatrema perezi in Symphodus tinca; Anisocladium fallax and A. capitellum in Uranoscopus scaber; Stephanostomum caducum in Merluccius merluccius; Bucephalus marinus, Stephanostomum gaidropsari and H. fasciata in Gaidopsarus mediterraneus; H. fasciata in Scorpaena scrofa and Gobius cobitis.
The following helminths are reported from the Sea of Marmara off the Mudanya coast. Cestoda: Didymobothrium rudolphii in Solea solea, Clestobothrium crassiceps in Merluccius merluccius, tetraphyllidean larvae in Gobius niger, G. cobitis, M. merluccius, Eutrigla gurnardus, S. solea, Scorpaena scrofa and Progrillotia dasyatidis in G. niger. Monogenea: Trochopus pini in E. gurnardus, Ligophorus confusus in Liza ramada, Tetraonchoides paradoxus in Uranoscopus scaber, Microcotyle mugilis in L. ramada and Anthocotyle merluccii in M. merluccius.
R. Keser, R. Bray, M. Oguz, S. Çelen, S. Erdoğan, S. Doğuturk, G. Aklanoğlu and B. Marti
In this study the following parasites were found in fishes from the Dardanelles at Çanakkale: Cestoda: Bothriocephalus scorpii, Grillotia sp. and Scolex pleuronectis in Solea solea; Digenea: Ectenurus lepidus, Prodistomum polonii and Monascus filiformis in Trachurus trachurus, Hemiuridae metacercaria in S. solea, Lecithocladium excisum in Scomber scombrus, Lecithostaphylus retroflexus in Belone belone, Opechona bacillaris in Pomatomus saltatrix and S. scombrus and Schikhobalotrema sparisomae in Liza saliens; Nematoda: Hysterothylacium aduncum in T. trachurus, S. solea, Sparus aurata, P. saltatrix, L. saliens and Engraulis encrasicolus and Anisakis simplex in S. scombrus; Acanthocephala: Neoechinorynchus agilıs in L. saliens. No parasites were recovered from Sardinella aurita. Most of these species are well known in both the Mediterranean and Black Seas, but the Dardanelles appears to be the limit of the range of Anisakıs simplex.
F. Lefebvre, B. Georgiev, R. Bray and D. Littlewood
The Cestode Life Cycle Database (CLCdb) project was initiated in 2005 with the objective to develop a comprehensive and centralised resource to store, retrieve and analyse key information concerning tapeworm life cycles; e.g. morphogenesis, intermediate host identities, transmission patterns, etc. It constitutes the first electronic database to deal with complex life cycle information for any helminth taxon. Here we critically evaluate our experience after exhaustively entering data for our model group, the cyclophyllidean family Hymenolepididae. After providing basic statistics (530 consulted references; ∼ 230 ‘known’ life cycle), we identify future needs in turning the CLCdb into an open access monograph covering all cestode groups. We review the added benefits and potential utilities of the database for cestodologists and other users, including ecologists and veterinarians, and we call for specialist contributions. Since late 2007, a short version of the CLCdb has been available online, with basic functionalities and tools (www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/projects/cestode-life-cycle/index.html).