In order to investigate the influence of the deformation degree and aging time on the mechanical properties and microstructure of AA7050 alloy static tensile test, microhardness measurements, calorimetric analysis and observations of the microstructure in the transmission and scanning electron microscope were carried out. For study a series of cylindrical specimens with an initial diameter of about 3 mm were used. The samples were saturated at a temperature of 470° C for 1 hour and quenched in water. The samples were then subjected to deformation up to the three levels: 0%, 5% and 10%. Deformed samples was artificially aged at 120°C for 6 hours, 12 hours, 24 hours and 72 hours. The results showed that the increase in the degree of deformation caused an increase in yield strength and a decrease in ductility. The longer aging time influenced on an increase in tensile strength, yield stress and microhardness and a decrease in ductility. An analysis of the precipitates present in the material was conducted. The highest value of yield strength equal 538 MPa with elongation 9.2% were obtained for sample pre-strained to 10% and aged for 24 hours. The obtained results showed that prolongation in aging time and use of pre-strain were beneficial for precipitation processes courses, consequently, for optimal mechanical properties of alloy 7050.