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R. Babilas, K. Cesarz-Andraczke and R. Nowosielski

The work presents preparation methods, structure characterization and mechanical properties analysis of Mg-based bulk metallic glasses in as-cast state and after crystallization process. The studies were performed on Mg60Cu30Y10 and Mg37Cu36Ca27 glassy alloys in the form of plates and rods. The X-ray diffraction investigations revealed that the tested samples with different thicknesses and shapes were amorphous. The characteristics of the fractured surfaces showed mixed fractures with the “river” and “mirror” patterns, which are characteristic for the glassy materials and some “smooth” areas. The samples of Mg37Cu36Ca27 alloy presented a two-stage crystallization process, but addition of Y caused a single stage crystallization behavior. Qualitative phase analysis from the X-ray data of examined alloys annealed at 473 K enabled the identification of Mg, Mg2Cu, Cu2Mg and CaCu crystalline phases. The changes of compressive strength as a function of annealing temperature for studied rods were stated. The best mechanical properties including microhardness and compressive strength were obtained for the alloy with the addition of Y in as-cast state.

Open access

R. Nowosielski, K. Cesarz-Andraczke, P. Sakiewicz, A. Maciej, A. Jakóbik-Kolon and R. Babilas


The aim of this paper was to investigate the corrosion resistance of Mg66Zn30Ca4 and Mg68Zn28Ca4 metallic glasses and evaluate the ability of this amorphous alloy use for medical applications as biodegradable medical implants. Taking into account the amount of Mg, Zn, Ca elements dissolved in multielectrolyte physiological fluid (MPF) from Mg66+xZn30-xCa4 (x=0.2) alloys the daily dose of evolved ions from alloys components was determined. Additional goal of the paper was determination of corrosion rate (Vcorr) and amount of hydrogen evolved from amorphous magnesium alloys in simulated environment of human body fluids during 24h immersion and during electrochemical tests. Corrosion studies were done in the multielectrolyte physiological fluid (MPF) at 37°C. The amount of hydrogen evolved [ml/cm2] and corrosion rate Vcorr [mm/year] of amorphous Mg66Zn30Ca4 and Mg68Zn28Ca4 alloys were compared. The work also presents characterization of Mg-based bulk metallic glasses structure in the form of 2 mm thickness plates. Samples structure was analyzed by means of X-ray diffraction. Fracture and surface morphology of magnesium alloy samples were identified using scanning electron microscopy.