Geometrical structures, relative stabilities and electronic properties of neutral, cationic and anionic pure gold and Ag-doped bimetallic clusters have been systematically investigated by using density functional theory methodology. The optimized structures show that planar to three-dimensional structural transition occurs at n = 5 for cationic clusters. Due to strong relativistic effect of Au clusters, the ground state configurations of neutral and anionic bimetallic clusters favor planar geometry till n = 12. Silver atoms tend to occupy the most highly coordinated position and form the maximum number of bonds with Au atoms. The computed HOMO-LUMO energy gaps, fragmentation energies and second-order difference of energies show interesting odd-even oscillation behavior. The result indicates that AgAu5, and are the most stable clusters in this molecular system. The DFT based descriptors of bimetallic clusters are also discussed and compared with pure gold clusters. The high value of correlation coefficient between HOMO-LUMO energy gaps and DFT based descriptors supports our analysis. A good agreement between experimental and theoretical data has been obtained in this study.
Due to its large scale applications in the real field, the study of bi-metallic nano-alloy clusters is an active field of research. Though a number of experimental reports are available in this domain, a deep theoretical insight is yet to receive. Among several nano-clusters, the compound formed between Cu–Ag has gained a large importance due to its remarkable optical property. Density Functional Theory (DFT) is one of the most popular approaches of quantum mechanics to study the electronic properties of materials. Conceptually, DFT based descriptors have turned to be indispensable tools for analyzing and correlating the experimental properties of compounds. In this venture, we have analyzed the experimental properties of the (Cu–Ag)n = 1 − 7 nano-alloy clusters invoking DFT methodology. A nice correlation has been found between optical properties of the aforesaid nano-clusters with our evaluated theoretical descriptors. The similar agreement between experimental bond length and computed data is also reflected in this analysis. Beside these, the effect of even-odd alternation behavior of nano compounds on the HOMO-LUMO gap is very important in our computation. It is probably the first attempt to establish such type of correlation.