Background: Dengue virus infection has been a public health concern in Thailand. In the past decades, there has been recent interest concerning unusual clinical manifestations in both dengue fever (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF).
Objective: We described the unusual clinical manifestations and outcomes of children with dengue admitted to a tertiary care hospital in northeast Thailand.
Materials and Methods: A study was conducted on the 73 patients with serologically confirmed dengue infection admitted to Srinagarind Hospital, a tertiary care facility in northeast Thailand between January 2007 and August 2011.
Results: Of the 73 children examined, 42 (57%) were boys and 31 were girls. Their age ranged from 8 months to 14 years (median 11 years). Nine patients developed neurological symptoms, 6 patients had altered consciousness, and 3 patients convulsion. Among 9 patients with neurological symptoms, 1 patient had acute kidney injury, 1 had hepatic failure, and 1 had kidney and liver involvement, mostly associated with fluid resuscitation or prolonged shock. Apart from neurological symptoms, one patient developed infection associated hemophagocytic syndrome and was treated with intravenous immunoglobulin. Two patients died from multiple organ failure, and 1 patient was brought back home in a moribund condition. The other patients recovered completely.
Conclusion: Altered consciousness was the most commonly observed unusual neurological manifestation. Patients who did not develop acute kidney injury or liver failure had mild clinical courses and recovered from neurological symptoms without sequelae. Acute kidney injury was associated with fluid overload and/or prolonged shock. Careful fluid management and close monitoring for complications resulted in favorable outcomes.