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  • Author: Piotr Michalak x
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Abstract

The author presents the results of research on the use of artificial neural networks in predicting voter turnout. He describes the principles of operation of artificial neural networks, as well as detailed results of two machine learning methods used to predict voter turnout. The research resulted in creation of a functional model that allows for prediction of voter turnout results with a considerable degree of accuracy. The entire research process was carried out using the cartographic research method.

Abstract

The paper presents calculations of global solar irradiance on inclined surfaces of any orientation in the hourly time step. For computational purposes there were used the data from typical meteorological years (TMY) available in a form of text files on the website of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Development. Hourly solar global horizontal irradiance from measurements from the file for Kraków was used as input for five anisotropic models (Hay, Muneer, Reindl, Perez and Perez according to the new PN-EN ISO 52010-1 standard). Direct normal and diffuse horizontal and then global irradiances were calculated. To illustrate the effects of using different models, for the exemplary residential building, monthly solar heat gains and heating demand was determined according to the monthly method of PN-EN ISO 13790. In comparison to the solar data from the TMY, an average decrease in the value of solar gains amounted 37%, what resulted in an increase in the calculated heat demand of the building by 10%. This is very important since this change takes place without any modernisation works.

ABSTRACT

In this review, some features of fruit allergenicity including the pathophysiology, cross allergy reactions, most common allergens and novel pathways of reducing hypersensitivity reactions as far as agricultural aspects are concerned, were described.

Abstract

Various laboratory parameters are commonly used to assess the efficacy of biological treatment (BT). The aim of our study was to assess the correlation between platelet (PLT) indices: (mean platelet volume (MPV), plateletcrit (PCT), platelet distribution width (PDW)), C-reactive protein (CRP) and endoscopic picture in the course of infliximab induction regimen in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. The study enrolled 46 patients with UC – 32 men and 16 women. They were administered infliximab (standard induction therapy). Laboratory tests (CRP and PLT indices) and colonoscopy were performed in all patients during the induction regimen – at 0, 2, and 6 weeks and in follow-up six weeks after the completion of induction therapy. The study revealed a statistically significant decrease in CRP and PLT, and an increase in MPV, together with improvement of endoscopic picture (p <0.001) (MAYO score, MAYO endoscopic subscore) in all patients. PCT and PDW values remained in normal ranges before BT and after the finish of the induction regimen. PCT correlated positively with CRP before the introduction of BT (p = 0.018). In addition, positive correlations between PCT and PLT count were noticed before infliximab induction regimen and in follow-up after the finished of therapy (p <0.001). Additionally, a negative correlation between PLT count and MPV prior to the first dose of infliximab was observed (p=0.032). Our data suggest that PLT indices could be useful biomarkers for determining active UC and for assessing the efficacy of BT. From what we know, this is the first survey devoted to PLT parameters in Polish patients with UC.

Abstract

The allergic reactions to fruits are lesser known among food sensitivities. The most common fruits belonging to the Rosaceae family that might cause allergic reactions are apples, pears and peaches. However, little is known about the potential allergic reactions caused by another member of the Rosaceae, the cherry. The aim of this study was to assess the risk of any allergic reaction or food hypersensitivity resulting from topical application and chronic oral administration of cherry fruits. The cherry fruits ‘Sabina’ cv. were produced in the orchard in Dąbrowice according to the principles of integrated (IFP) and organic (OR) productions. Fruits of ‘Debreceni Bötermö’ cv. were produced in Dąbrowice (IFP), and in the orchard in Nowy Dwór (OR). The experiments were performed on 65 outbred young, adult, white albinotic guinea pigs (Dankin Hartley). Three procedures were applied: I. Guinea-Pig Maximization Test (GPMT); II. Chronic administration of fruits and III. Skin prick (Dreborg) test. The skin reactions based on GPMT or Dreborg tests revealed no differences between the two cherry cultivars ‘Sabina’ and ‘Debreceni’ obtained from integrated or organic production. Similarly, it was not observed of any effect of cultivars of cherries nor the type of fruits production on the guinea pig skin reaction as a result of chronic feeding with fruits.