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Kateryna Tuzhyk, Edyta Hewelke and Piotr Hewelke

Abstract

Dynamic simulation of sustainable farm development scenarios using cognitive modeling. The paper presents a dynamic simulation system of sustainable development scenarios on farms using cognitive modeling. The system incorporates relevant variables which affect the sustainable development of farms. Its user provides answers to strategic issues connected with the level of farm sustainability over a long-term perspective of dynamic development. The work contains a description of the model structure as well as the results of simulations carried out on 16 farms in northern Ukraine. The results show that the process of sustainability is based mainly on the potential for innovation in agricultural production and biodiversity. The user is able to simulate various scenarios for the sustainable development of a farm and visualize the influence of factors on the economic and social situation, as well as on environmental aspects. Upon carrying out a series of simulations, it was determined that the development of farms characterized by sustainable development is based on additional profit, which serves as the main motivation for transforming a conventional farm into a sustainable one. Nevertheless, additional profit is not the only driving force in the system of sustainable development. The standard of living, market condition, and legal regulations as well as government support also play a significant motivational role.

Open access

Daria Sikorska, Piotr Sikorski and Piotr Hewelke

Protection of valuable water dependent ecosystems in urban areas

Water dependent ecosystems are habitats most vulnerable to urbanization pressure. There are not many such habitats in Warsaw. Those which remained are mostly dewatered sites existing within green areas such as parks. Habitats with peat and moorsh soils have a unique value, thus there is a rational need for detailed research and evaluation to preserve them. This paper is a case-study of two different water dependent ecosystems, localized within the boundaries of Poland's capital city, both remaining under strong urbanization pressure. Different actions were undertaken to preserve those habitats, with differing results. We examined tendencies of vegetation during recent 20-30 years, basing on floristical data. In the areas, where water regime has been disrupted, like Natural Landscape Complex "Olszyna" a significant decline of plants rare in the scale of Warsaw is being noticed. Habitats not disturbed by human interference like "Zakole Wawerskie" do not suffer significant changes, even an increase of rare plants was marked. Presence of water dependent ecosystems is also correlated with population density. In the areas of highest population density these habitats occur seldom, are of a small size and have simplified border zones. The only areas within Warsaw borders where water dependent ecosystems maintained are the urban parks. In the last decades a progressive decline of wetlands is being noticed, which was also confirmed in this study. The only real chance for further preservation of this areas is to create biodiversity hotspots and good recreation infrastructure.

Open access

Piotr Hewelke, Edyta Hewelke, Ryszard Oleszczuk and Marcin Kwas

Abstract

The aim of the studies was the assessment of the usefulness of selected pedotransfer function for calculating the water retention of alluvial soils in Żuławy Wiślane. Żuławy Wiślane are an important area, both as far as agricultural production and environmental values are concerned. The analysis accounted for three models, i.e.: van Genuchten-Wösten, Varellyay and Mieronienko, Hewelke et al. Based on 122 dataset of alluvial soils from the Żuławy area, the statistical relationships between the measured values of total available water and values calculated for individual models were analysed. The studies carried out indicate that the analysed pedotransfer functions are characterized by different compatibilities with results obtained by means of direct measurement. The lowest average errors of fit were obtained for the Hewelke et al. and van Genuchten models.