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Piotr Dulian, Wojciech Bąk, Krystyna Wieczorek-Ciurowa and Czesław Kajtoch

Abstract

This paper presents mechanochemical synthesis as an alternative to the traditional high-temperature synthesis of advanced electrotechnical ceramic materials with a perovskite-type structure. The reaction conditions for high-energy ball milling, e.g. reaction environment, energy of milling and additives to BaTiO3 such as metallic iron or zirconia from the exfoliation of the milling vessel and grinding media are discussed.

Open access

Piotr Dulian, Marlena Buras and Witold Żukowski

Abstract

The paper presents a simple way to improve the photocatalytic properties of titanium dioxide using mechanochemical method. The TiO2 (Anatase) powders was subjected to high-energy ball milling in dry environment and in methanol. It has been shown that it is possible to induce the phase transformation from Anatase to Rutile and produce a material with a higher photocatalytic activity in the UV light. Physicochemical characteristics of the products were based on the following methods and techniques: X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), IR and UV-Vis (DR) spectroscopy, measurements of specific surface area (BET). The photocatalytic activity of the powders was measured in the decomposition reaction of methyl orange in water.

Open access

Piotr Dulian, Wojciech Bąk, Krystyna Wieczorek-Ciurowa and Czesław Kajtoch

Abstract

The study shows the advisability of using a mechanochemical synthesis method, based on a high-energy planetary ball milling, to a modification of barium titanate by a vanadium doping. This method improves useful properties of BaTi0:95V0:05O3 as a capacitor material. It has a high value of electric permittivity ɛ′ in the wide range of temperature and low dielectric losses ɛ″ as well as a low electrical conductivity.