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Piotr A. Werner

Abstract

The dependency of land use and the neighbouring land cover patches is related to the existing neighbourhood or the predominant land use types in a given region, which stimulates further land changes of the lot being observed. Land use changes can be considered a complex and (to an extent) random process. The complexity of interactions means that the conventional deductive models are constrained, particularly in the case of the spatio-temporal phenomena, and implies the application of cellular automata to spatial research. Cellular automata are similar to the map algebra models in GIS. The concept of using neighbourhood coefficients in the analysis of land use changes is based on the combination of map algebra with two-dimensional cellular automata. The aims of this research included formulating the theoretical structure of neighbourhood coefficients, analysing their operationalization and testing their practical application. The verification of research and procedures included maps and statistics of simulations of land use changes in Poland.

Open access

Piotr A. Werner and Tomasz Opach

Abstract

The paper attempts to identify important factors significant for global information society development and to determine the significance of geospatial (geo-information) technologies. The starting point is international measures of the development level of information & communication technologies (ICT) and information society (IS). The relevance of the particular factors was defined using the general segmentation of the milieu, taking into account social, technological, economic, environmental, political, legal and ethical factors and also estimating the global spatial dimension of ICT and IS development. The diagnosis serves as the context of considerations concerning the contribution of geographers and cartographers to IS.

Open access

Piotr Mrozek, Ewa Mrozek and Andrzej Werner

Abstract

A Michelson interferometer based ESPI system for static and vibration out of plane displacement measurements is presented. The aim of the article is to demonstrate the usability of ESPI non-contact measurement method in the field of machining. The correlation fringe patterns were visualized using custom software. The accuracy of ESPI interferometer was verified by the comparison with measurement results collected using industrial XL-80 laser system. The efficacy in vibration analysis was tested by studying the mode shapes and resonant frequencies of the transverse vibrations of square plates. The measurement methodology was used to determine natural frequencies and the shapes of vibrational modes of NFTe 100x1.2/64-II circular slitting saw. As a result the values of rotational speed that should be avoided during machining were determined.