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  • Author: Petra Dvořáková x
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Petra Dvořáková

Fiscal Imbalance and Fiscal Risks Management on the Regional Level

The aim of the paper was to evaluate usage of the fiscal instruments (mainly liabilities and fiscal risks management) in present practice of Czech regions. The current practice of fiscal instruments was explored particularly by the means of structured interviews in which representatives of all Czech regions participated. The survey showed different attitudes to debt/liabilities management exercised on the Czech regional level. An active debt management, as defined by the theory, has not been encountered in any of the Czech regions (except for the capital of Prague), although their representatives are convinced otherwise. Risk maps or risk matrixes are not usually created either but the risks connected with the regional budgets are monitored (especially currency risks and interest rate risks) and solved if necessary.

Open access

Zuzana Dvořáková Líšková, Eva Cudlínová, Petra Pártlová and Dvořák Petr


Green marketing is possibly the newest type of marketing. Recently, it has also been the most discussed one by organizations, companies and even states. Green marketing tries to produce, promote and recycle products that are friendly to the environment. Green marketing is a global concern and it is going to have a better future. However, this type of marketing meets a few problems such as much effort to replace conventional products and a lack of confidence. Many companies produce and promote such products as much as possible. In spite of this, the public is still sceptical. The paper presents the theoretical important knowledge on green marketing, its definitions, customer behaviour formulas, and its potential.