The possibilities of remote sensing techniques in the field of the Earth surface monitoring and protection specifically for the problems caused by petroleum contaminations, for the mapping of insufficiently plugged and abandoned old oil wells and for the analysis of onshore oil seeps are described. Explained is the methodology for analyzing and detection of potential hydrocarbon contaminations using the Earth observation in the area of interest in Slovakia (Korňa) and in Czech Republic (Nesyt), mainly building and calibrating the spectral library for oil seeps. The acquisition of the in-situ field data (ASD, Cropscan spectroradiometers) for this purpose, the successful building and verification of hydrocarbon spectral library, the application of hydrocarbon indexes and use of shift in red-edge part of electromagnetic spectra, the spectral analysis of input data are clarified in the paper. Described is approach which could innovate the routine methods for investigating the occurrence of hydrocarbons and can assist during the mapping and locating the potential oil seep sites. Important outcome is the successful establishment of a spectral library (database with calibration data) suitable for further application in data classification for identifying the occurrence of hydrocarbons.
Hana Zámečníková, Daniela Einšpiglová, Radka Poláková and Petr Bujok
In this paper, we study a problem of the control parameter settings in Differential Evolution algorithm and test a novel variant of the algorithm called CoBiDE. Although Differential Evolution with basic setting (i.e., CR=0.5; F =0.5) works quite well, it starts to fail on rotated functions. In general, we want to improve the convergence of algorithm primarily on rotated functions. It is done by adapting crossover parameter CR whereas parameter F is fixed to 0.5. There is a recommendation to set CR = 1 for rotated functions. It means that trial vectors are essentially composed from mutant. However, it is not easy task to set the parameters appropriately for solving optimization problem but it is crucial for obtaining good results. Moreover, the quality of points produced in evolution is highly affected by the coordinate system. In CoBiDE, the authors proposed a new coordinate system based on the current distribution of points in the population. We test these two approaches by running both algorithms on six pairs of rotated and non-rotated functions from CEC 2013 benchmark set in two levels of dimension space. This experimental study aims to reveal if such algorithm’s setting is invariant under a rotation.