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  • Author: Petar Pavlović x
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„Serbian Soko” in Steubenville (Ohio)

Summary

Serbs who lived in America (more precisely, in the territory of United States) began to accept the very idea of Sokolism in mid-1907. One of first initiators of this idea was Danilo Radjevic, who worked and lived in Butte (Montana). In early 1909 began to appear the first initiatives for the establishment of Serbian Soko societies (SSS) in this territory. During 1909 two SSS were established, first one in Cincinnati (Ohio) and second one in Detroit (Michigan), and in the following year five more. During 1911 three societies were established, and in 1912 more than ten, among which Serbian Soko Society in Steubenville (Ohio). This paper deals with Serbian Sokol Society in Steubenville in order to determine when the Society was formed, who were its initiators, founders and members, which were its main activities and what kind of contribution the society had to development of Sokolism in the territory of America (United States).

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Original research article. Serbian Sokol in Gary (Indiana)

Summary

Serbs in America (SAD) started to accept the idea of Slavic and Serbian Sokolism at the beginning of 1909, when also started first ideas for formation of Serbian Sokol societies. During the second half of the same year two societies were formed, and during years to follow societies were formed in all other places of America (USA) inhabited with Serbs. During 1910 five societies were formed, among them also Serbian Sokol society in Gary (Indiana).

Goal of this paper is to research the work of Society and all his activities from its formation until end of June 1914. During writing authors used historical method.

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Science and Physical Culture – A Glimpse into the Future

Summary

The end of the 20th and the first decade of the 21st century are characterized by a technological development which could be described as having revolutionary speed. If we were to look back on the revolutionary events during the 17th and 18th century, in the domain of great scientific changes, changes in industry, agriculture, economy, the organization of social relations (democracy and socialism), we could say that we are witnesses to this sixth technological revolution.

All these civilizational leaps forward have conditioned, quite expectedly, big changes in our profession. This has been reflected in the goals which have been imposed by social changes initiated by numerous revolutionary changes. Even though man and his need for physical exercise, as the nourishing food necessary for his being, have remained the same, the circumstances which have imposed different living conditions have required changes in our profession. Naturally, this was reflected in our science as well (which we refer to by different names today).

The time we live in, caught up in this new sixth technological revolution, requires a different approach to man and his personality. Now, the question is not only how to “drag” him out of a sedentary culture, but also how to fight the increasingly present physical and intellectual inactivity. Through perfectly guided marketing activities which have been made possible by the implementation of new technological aids, man has been drawn into the hedonistic waters of his own inactivity. And unfortunately, he cannot free himself from this skillfully set trap. That is why physical culture and science must be included in finding a means of helping man find his way out of this hedonistic labyrinth and return to his roots.

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Vasa Pelagić – Anatoly on the West

Summary

Serbian nation, especially from the time it “opened its orthodox eyes”, had famous people who wrote out its history. One of them, who along with others embed his whole life in prosperity of Serbian people, was Vasa Pelagić.

Born in troubled times of 19th century, he upgraded his high school and seminary knowledge abroad. But, the same as all those before and after him, he came back to Serbian nation, and he shared all of his gained knowledge with his people. In Moscow, where he spent two years, he attended lectures from: Russian literature, history, medicine and political economy. All this he implemented in his (not only) written work.

Educator, humanist, visionary, writer, and with one word – man who feels the pain of all Serbian wounds, Vasa Pelagić addressed significant attention also to our profession. With his work and care for proper development of young people (and by that not only physical development), he set the basis for its further growth. As equally useful he recommended both natural national gymnastics (work in garden, field), as also artificial gymnastics (different kind of physical exercise), and always asserted that gymnastics must be first among school subjects.

His ideas, which we can preceive primarily in theories of biocentrism and ethnocentrism, process a kind of his theoanthropocentric signet. By this signet he highlighted the fact that every human is a personality – one, unique and unrepeatable.

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Beginnings of Serbian Sokolism in Herzegovina

Summary

Sokol movement originated in Czech lands in second part of 19th century, and soon after it spread to all Slavic countries, as also to the ones were Slavic people lived. Beginnings of Sokolism in Bosnia and Herzegovina relate to Herzegovina, specifically to Foča and Risto Jeremić, when in 1893 the first initiatives for the establishment of a Serbian soko society in this city were created. It has been more than five years before the establishment of the first „Pobratimstvo“ („Brotherhood“, „Fraternity“), primarily anti-alcoholic, but also a society that had the characteristics of future Serbian soko societies. In 1910 this society was officially re-registered in the “Serbian Soko” in Foča. In the following years started a little more favorable period and other societies in the cities and other places of Herzegovina started to appear, which after a certain time entered also in Herzegovina village, which contributed to the development of the village, literacy of the people, but also many other useful things. These beginnings and the development of Sokolism on the territory of Herzegovina represent the main subject of this paper, with the aim to research and present when and how the first initiatives came to light, when the first societies were founded and who were the most important personalities. In addition, the authors want to show the significance of the Sokolism for the whole of Herzegovina and its population. During writing authors used historical method.

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Can zinc supplementation ameliorate cadmium-induced alterations in the bioelement content in rabbits?

Abstract

The study was designed to investigate the influence of zinc (Zn) supplementation on cadmium-induced alterations in zinc, copper (Cu), and magnesium (Mg) status in rabbits. For this purpose, the concentrations of cadmium (Cd), Zn, Cu, and Mg were estimated in the blood, liver, kidney, and bone. The rabbits were divided in a control group, a Cd group-animals intoxicated orally with Cd (10 mg kg-1 bw, as aqueous solution of Cd-chloride), and a Cd+Zn group-animals intoxicated with the same dose of Cd and co-treated with Zn (20 mg kg-1 bw, as aqueous solution of Zn-sulphate). Solutions were administered orally, every day for 28 days. Sample mineralisation was performed with concentrated nitric acid (HNO3) and perchloric acid (HClO4) (4:1) and metal concentrations were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS). Zinc supplementation improved some of Cd-induced disturbances in bioelement levels in the investigated tissues. Beneficial effects of Zn on Zn and Cu levels were observed in blood, as well as on the Cu kidney level. The calculated values for Cu/Zn, Mg/Zn, and Mg/Cu ratios in blood suggest that Zn co-treatment reduces Cd-induced changes in bioelement ratios in blood.

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