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  • Author: Paweł Strumiłło x
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Open access

Strumillo Pawel

Abstract

The NTAV/SPA 2012 conference was held on 27–29th September 2012 and was organized by the Institute of Electronics, Lodz University of Technology (www.eletel.p.lodz.pl) with the support of the IEEE Polish Section Region 8, Polish Section of the Audio Engineering Society, Department of Acoustics, Wroclaw University of Technology and the Division of Signal Processing and Electronic Systems, Poznan University of Technology.

Open access

Michał Majchrowicz, Paweł Kapusta and Lidia Jackowska-Strumiłło

Abstract

3D ECT provides a lot of challenging computational issues that have been reported in the past by many researchers. Image reconstruction using deterministic methods requires execution of many basic operations of linear algebra, such as matrix transposition, multiplication, addition and subtraction. In order to reach real-time reconstruction a 3D ECT computational subsystem has to be able to transform capacitance data into image in fractions of seconds. By assuming, that many of the computations can be performed in parallel using modern, fast graphics processor and by altering the algorithms time to achieve high quality image reconstruction will be shortened significantly. The research conducted while analysing ECT algorithms has also shown that, although dynamic development of GPU computational capabilities and its recent application for image reconstruction in ECT has significantly improved calculations time, in modern systems a single GPU is not enough to perform many tasks. Distributed Multi-GPU solutions can reduce reconstruction time to only a fraction of what was possible on pure CPU systems. Nevertheless performed tests clearly illustrate the need for developing a new distributed platform, which would be able to fully utilize the potential of the hardware. It has to take into account specific nature of computations in Multi-GPU systems.

Open access

Przemyslaw Baranski, Maciej Polanczyk and Pawel Strumillo

Fusion of Data from Inertial Sensors, Raster Maps and GPS for Estimation of Pedestrian Geographic Location in Urban Terrain

An electronic system and an algorithm for estimating pedestrian geographic location in urban terrain is reported in the paper. Different sources of kinematic and positioning data are acquired (i.e.: accelerometer, gyroscope, GPS receiver, raster maps of terrain) and jointly processed by a Monte-Carlo simulation algorithm based on the particle filtering scheme. These data are processed and fused to estimate the most probable geographical location of the user. A prototype system was designed, built and tested with a view to aiding blind pedestrians. It was shown in the conducted field trials that the method yields superior results to sole GPS readouts. Moreover, the estimated location of the user can be effectively sustained when GPS fixes are not available (e.g. tunnels).

Open access

Michał Bujacz and Paweł Strumiłło

Abstract

Sonification is defined as presentation of information by means of non-speech audio. In assistive technologies for the blind, sonification is most often used in electronic travel aids (ETAs) - devices which aid in independent mobility through obstacle detection or help in orientation and navigation. The presented review contains an authored classification of various sonification schemes implemented in the most widely known ETAs. The review covers both those commercially available and those in various stages of research, according to the input used, level of signal processing algorithm used and sonification methods. Additionally, a sonification approach developed in the Naviton project is presented. The prototype utilizes stereovision scene reconstruction, obstacle and surface segmentation and spatial HRTF filtered audio with discrete musical sounds and was successfully tested in a pilot study with blind volunteers in a controlled environment, allowing to localize and navigate around obstacles.

Open access

Michał Majchrowicz, Paweł Kapusta, Lidia Jackowska-Strumiłło and Dominik Sankowski

Abstract

Electrical Capacitance Tomography is a non-invasive imaging technique, which allows visualization of the industrial processes interior and can be applied to many branches of the industry. Image reconstruction process, especially in case of 3D images, is a very time consuming task (when using classic processors and algorithms), which in turn leads to an unacceptable waiting time and currently limits the use of 3D Electrical Capacitance Tomography. Reconstruction using deterministic methods requires execution of many basic operations of linear algebra, such as matrix transposition, multiplication, addition and subtraction. In order to reach real-time reconstruction a 3D ECT computational subsystem must be able to transform capacitance data into images in a fraction of a second. By assuming, that many of the computations can be performed in parallel using modern, fast graphics processor and by altering the algorithms, time to achieve high quality image reconstruction will be shortened significantly. The research conducted while analysing ECT algorithms has also shown that, although dynamic development of GPU computational capabilities and its recent application for image reconstruction in ECT has significantly improved calculations time, in modern systems a single GPU is not enough to perform many tasks. Distributed Multi-GPU solutions can reduce reconstruction time to only a fraction of what was possible on pure CPU systems. Nevertheless performed tests clearly illustrate the need for further optimizations of previously developed algorithms.

Open access

Michał Majchrowicz, Paweł Kapusta, Lidia Jackowska-Strumiłło and Dominik Sankowski

Abstract

3D ECT provides a lot of challenging computational issues that have been reported in the past by many researchers. Image reconstruction using deterministic methods requires execution of many basic operations of linear algebra, such as matrix transposition, multiplication, addition and subtraction. In order to reach real-time reconstruction a 3D ECT computational subsystem has to be able to transform capacitance data into image in fractions of seconds. By assuming, that many of the computations can be performed in parallel using modern, fast graphics processor and by altering the algorithms time to achieve high quality image reconstruction will be shortened significantly. The research conducted while analysing ECT algorithms has also shown that, although dynamic development of GPU computational capabilities and its recent application for image reconstruction in ECT has significantly improved calculations time, in modern systems a single GPU is not enough to perform many tasks. Distributed Multi-GPU solutions can reduce reconstruction time to only a fraction of what was possible on pure CPU systems. Nevertheless performed tests clearly illustrate the need for developing a new distributed platform, which would be able to fully utilize the potential of the hardware. It has to take into account specific nature of computations in Multi-GPU systems.