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Open access

Paweł Majda and Bartosz Powałka

Abstract

This paper presents research on the accuracy and repeatability of CNC axis positioning in an innovative lathe with an additional Xs axis. This axis is used to perform movements synchronized with the angular position of the main drive, i.e. the spindle, and with the axial feed along the Z axis. This enables the one-pass turning of non-circular surfaces, rope and trapezoidal threads, as well as the surfaces of rotary tools such as a gear cutting hob, etc. The paper presents and discusses the interpretation of results and the calibration effects of positioning errors in the lathe’s numerical control system. Finally, it shows the geometric characteristics of the rope thread turned at various spindle speeds, including before and after-correction of the positioning error of the Xs axis.

Open access

Monika Woźniak and Paweł Majda

Abstract

In this paper circularity of three different machine tools by Virtual Machine was analyzed. To get circularity we make a ball bar test according to ISO 230-4. The test is very common in engineering for a quick diagnostic Computerized Numerical Control (CNC) technical conditions. We implemented earlier calculations of Volumetric Error in our Virtual Machine. Then we simulated testing of circularity of CNC machine tools. The place to take the test was chosen randomly from Uniform Distribution in three different kinds of machine tools. Those machines had different characteristics of kinematic errors and squareness and also different sizes of working space. We observed significant differences in the indicator (circularity) depending on the place where the test was taken. Moreover we showed that there was no reason to take the test in the center of working table.