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Renáta Halásková, Pavel Bednář and Martina Halásková

Abstract

Long-term care is being prioritised due to population ageing, and hand in hand with the development of professional provision of long-term care, public expendi-tures will be increasing. Mainly countries with a sharp increase in the number of people aged 80+ will have to address the sustainability of long-term care systems and the pro-curement of relevant services. This paper aims to evaluate the forms of provision and financing of long-term care in selected OECD countries. Provision and funding of long-term care in terms of a formal system are assessed based on selected criteria using analytical methods (principal component analysis and TwoStep cluster analysis). Results of the evaluation carried out in 2008 and 2013 by means of the selected indicators of long-term care, using TwoStep cluster analysis, confirmed both similar as well as different approaches to the provision and financing of long-term care in the analysed countries. The most marked differences in the provision of care based on indicators LTC recipients aged 65+ and LTC recipients in institutions as a percentage of total LTC recipients were found between the first cluster (Australia and Korea with the highest share of LTC recipients) and the second cluster (Czech Republic, Estonia, with the lowest share of LTC recipients). In financing of long-term care (LTC expenditures on institutions as a percentage of total LTC expenditures), the most significant differences were observed between the first (Australia, Korea, with the largest share of LTC expenditures on institutions) and third cluster (mainly Nordic countries, with the lowest share of LTC expenditures on institutions of total LTC expenditures).

Open access

Magdalena Bialic-Davendra, Pavel Bednář, Lukáš Danko and Jana Matošková

Abstract

Since the accession of the Visegrad Group of countries (V4) to the European Union, the importance of clusters has increased. With growing global competitiveness and EU 12 trends, a gradual awareness of creative industries is observed in V4 countries. Therefore, this article analyses creative clusters and factors conditioning their establishment and development. On the basis of a literature review and a questionnaire survey, a mapping of creative clusters was conducted. In addition, catalysts, main motives and key factors in the process of their establishment were identified, as were the activities and factors hampering their development. The scheme of cluster development is presented as the outcome of the qualitative analysis, along with a comparison to findings of other studies. Research findings show that trust building and administrative obstacles are among the main barriers, especially for design clusters and cultural clusters.

Open access

Jiří Novosák, Oldřich Hájek, Jana Nekolová and Pavel Bednář

Abstract

Differences between brownfields and redeveloped sites in the Ostrava metropolitan area are subject to analysis in this paper. Environmental burden and former functional use were identified as statistically significant characteristics of such differences. In addition, relations between selected attributes of brownfields and redeveloped sites were analyzed using the “if-then” decision rules of the rough set method. In this way, the research demonstrated the significance of spatial aspects and identified two fundamental types of brownfields in the model area. The first type is represented by agricultural brownfields in the hinterland zone, that are characterized by a complicated ownership structure. Brownfields of the second type are located particularly in the inner city morphogenetic zone, and are characterized by potential problems with environmental burden. In this context, brownfields and redeveloped sites differ respectively in the combination of these characteristics.

Open access

Pavel Klapka, Marián Halás, Martin Erlebach, Petr Tonev and Marek Bednář

Abstract

The issue of defining functional regions in the Czech Republic is presented in this paper, which contributes to both theoretical discussions (e.g. the modifiable areal unit problem) and practical applications (e.g. spatial administration, regional planning). A multistage agglomerative approach to functional regional taxonomy is applied, which has been used in Czech geographical research for the first time only recently. The regionalisation algorithm provided four optional solutions for this issue, based on the analysis of daily travel-to-work flows from the 2001 census. The resulting regions correspond to the micro-regional level and two additional tiers were identified at this level. The basic statistics for all variants are presented.