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Pankaj Kumar Srivastava and Dinesh C. S. Bisht

Abstract

This research article discusses the problems having flexible demand, supply and cost in range referred as interval data based transportation problems and these cannot be solved directly using available methods. The uncertainty associated with these types of problems motivates authors to tackle it by converting interval to fuzzy numbers. This confront of conversion has been achieved by proposing a dichotomic fuzzification approach followed by a unique triangular incenter ranking approach to optimize interval data based transportation problems. A comparison with existing methods is made with the help of numerical illustrations. The algorithm proposed is found prompt in terms of the number of iteration involved and problem formation. This method is practical to handle the transportation problems not having a single valued data, but data in form of a range.

Open access

Rajeev Arora, Anupam Srivastav, Utam Kumar Mandal and Pankaj Sharma

Abstract

We report the morphological and electrical study of a composite of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and nanotitanium dioxide (TiO2-50 nm) in conducting polymer polyaniline (PANI). The composite was synthesized using in-situ polymerization technique. The composite was characterized in terms of morphology and electrical properties using scanning electron microscopy and DC electrical conductivity (𝜎dc). We observed that the DC electrical conductivity of the composite film increased with increasing the loading of nanocomposite material from 20 % to 40 % into PVA stabilizer. The DC conductivity results showed that the molecular chain contribution of the nanocomposite material (nano-TiO2+ PANI) was the prominent carrier in the composite film made of the nanocomposite and PVA stabilizer.

Open access

Himanshu Sharma, Nitai Pal, Pankaj Kumar and Ashiwani Yadav

Abstract

Synchronization in the energy generated by renewable energy sources is one of the significant issue associated with the converter used in the system module. The presented paper concentrates on the design aspect of a PV and wind power input to a DC-DC converter which can be practically useful in hybrid renewable energy power systems. In this regard, the proposed converter can be utilized to obtain a smooth regulated output voltage from the given input renewable energy power sources. The proposed converter can be efficiently work under critical conditions having very few ripple in current waveform of input or output. A major advantage with this type of converter is the simple circuit with respect to the conventional converters in some critical situations. At the end, the result based on the simulation exercise and various experiments, performance of the converter in different situations is presented so that the efficiency of the designed converter arrangement is accepted.

Open access

Pradyuman Barnwal, Ashish M. Mohite, Krishna K. Singh and Pankaj Kumar

Abstract

In this communication, selected physicomechanical characteristics of ground turmeric (cv. Prabha) were investigated for cryogenic and ambient grinding conditions of turmeric at different moisture contents (4, 6, 8 and 10% w.b.). A cryogenic grinder (Model: 100 UPZ, Hosokawa Alpine, Germany) and a micro pulverizer (hammer mill) were used for cryogenic and ambient grinding, respectively. The ground turmeric was graded in three grades viz. Gr-I, Gr-II and Gr-III with a sieve shaker using BSS Nos. 40, 85 and pan, respectively. Tap densities for cryogenic and ambient ground turmeric decreased from 678.7 (Gr-I) to 546.7 kgm-3 (Gr-III) and from 642.3 (Gr-I) to 468.6 kgm-3 (Gr-III), respectively, with the moisture increase. The angle of repose for cryogenic and ambient ground turmeric increased linearly from 26.85 (Gr-I) to 34.0° (Gr-III) and from 23.10 (Gr-I) to 28.06° (Gr-III), respectively with the increase in moisture content. The static coefficient of friction was the highest on plywood surface followed by mild steel sheet and galvanized iron sheet. The cryoground samples were found better in colour. Thermal conductivity of cryo-ground samples was higher than that of ambient ground samples. These physico-mechanical characteristics of cryogenic and ambient ground turmeric will be helpful for packaging, handling, and storage.

Open access

Pankaj Gupta, Nityanand Gopal and Varsha Kumar

Abstract

Congenital spinal intradural arachnoid cyst involving almost the entire spine is very rare. We report a case of 15 years old boy, who presented with progressive spastic paraparesis with gait instability for last 4 months. MRI spine revealed thoracolumbar arachnoid cyst extending from D4 to L3 segment. Complete surgical excision of arachnoid cyst and laminoplasty was done. Patient recovered completely and histopathological examination of specimen confirmed the diagnosis of arachnoid cyst.

Open access

A. Bhandari and V. Kumar

Abstract

The flow of a ferrofluid due to a rotating disk in the presence of a non-uniform magnetic field in the axial direction is studied through mathematical modeling of the problem. Contour and surface plots in the presence of 10 kilo-ampere/meter, 100 kilo-ampere/meter magnetization force are presented here for radial, tangential and axial velocity profiles, and results are also drawn for the magnetic field intensity. These results are compared with the ordinary case where magnetization force is absent.

Open access

R.S. Mittal, Pankaj Gupta, Ashok Gandhi, Achal Sharma, Vinod Sharma and Varsha Kumar

Abstract

Myelocystocele is a rare variety of spinal dysraphism that presents as a skin covered, midline, lumbosacral mass. Many a time it is associated with other congenital anomalies but isolated myelocystocele is rarely associated with neurological deficit. MRI is the modality of choice for preoperative diagnosis. A 3 years old female child presented with skin covered lumbosacral mass since birth. There was no associated neurological deficit. MRI revealed single cyst, which was continuous with central canal of spinal cord. Peroperatively, myelocystocele was found with tethering of cord. Untethering of cord and repair of myelocystocele was performed with uneventful recovery.

Open access

Sanjeev Sharma, Mohit Mathur, Dharmendra Prasad, Ajay Pal Singh, Rajesh Garsa, Rajesh Kumar, Pankaj Beniwal, Dhananjai Agarwal and Vinay Malhotra

Abstract

Introduction. Secondary renal amyloidosis due to tuberculosis is a debilitating disease with considerable mortality and morbidity due to renal failure and other manifestations of both amyloidosis and renal failure. Most patients with amyloidosis have been adequately treated with DOTS (Directly observed treatment, Short Course strategy). The aimof our study was to analyze the epidemiological and demographic profile of patients undergoing renal biopsy and found to have renal amyloidosis secondary to tuberculosis.

Methods. In this study, retrospective renal biopsy data was collected from 2009-2012 and patients with amyloidosis were identified and their clinical and biochemical parameters were analyzed.

Results. Incidence of amyloidosis was 4.66% (n=24/514) among total renal biopsies. Among this, secondary amyloidosis constituted 87.5% of total amyloidosis. The commonest etiology in these patients was pulmonary tuberculosis (73.5%). All patients with tuberculosis had previously received DOTS treatment. 47.5% of patients with amyloidosis had renal impairment and 10.5% developed end-stage renal disease over 12 months and were dialysis dependent.

Conclusions. Amyloidosis due to tuberculosis is a well-established, yet under-diagnosed complication of tuberculosis. The duration and treatment status of tuberculosis does not influence the occurrence of amyloidosis, as most of the patients were treated appropriately with DOTS. There are no predictive factors in patients who will develop secondary amyloidosis. At present there is no specific treatment apart from supportive therapy. The prognosis is poor, as most of these patients inexorably progress towards end-stage renal disease (ESRD) with significant mortality and morbidity. To conclude, at present we are only treating tuberculosis, we are yet to cure tuberculosis.